LuaSQLite3

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Overview
Comment:Update for Lua 5.4 and SQLite 3.24.0
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:21ab5cda4d8fa060d717dc08240dd5ab9872608f
User & Date: e 2018-06-30 17:23:49
Context
2018-06-30
17:35
Update HISTORY, remove obsolete file. check-in: dd7e65e22e user: e tags: fsl_9y, trunk
17:23
Update for Lua 5.4 and SQLite 3.24.0 check-in: 21ab5cda4d user: e tags: trunk
2016-11-15
17:53
Change conditional tests from WIN32 to _WIN32 for lsqlite_temp_directory. check-in: 6fc7943d1d user: e tags: fsl_9x, trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Deleted lsqlite3-0.9.4-2.rockspec.

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package = "lsqlite3"
version = "0.9.4-2"
source = {
    url = "http://lua.sqlite.org/index.cgi/zip/lsqlite3_fsl09x.zip?uuid=fsl_9x",
    file = "lsqlite3_fsl09x.zip"
}
description = {
    summary = "A binding for Lua to the SQLite3 database library",
    detailed = [[
        lsqlite3 is a thin wrapper around the public domain SQLite3 database engine. SQLite3 is 
        dynamically linked to lsqlite3. The statically linked alternative is lsqlite3complete.
        The lsqlite3 module supports the creation and manipulation of SQLite3 databases. 
        Most sqlite3 functions are called via an object-oriented interface to either 
        database or SQL statement objects.
    ]],
    license = "MIT",
    homepage = "http://lua.sqlite.org/"
}
dependencies = {
    "lua >= 5.1, < 5.4"
}
external_dependencies = {
    SQLITE = {
        header = "sqlite3.h"
    }
}
build = {
    type = "builtin",
    modules = {
        lsqlite3 = {
            sources = { "lsqlite3.c" },
            defines = {'LSQLITE_VERSION="0.9.4"'},
            libraries = { "sqlite3" },
            incdirs = { "$(SQLITE_INCDIR)" },
            libdirs = { "$(SQLITE_LIBDIR)" }
        },
    },
	copy_directories = { 'doc', 'examples' }
}
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Added lsqlite3-0.9.5-1.rockspec.















































































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package = "lsqlite3"
version = "0.9.5-1"
source = {
    url = "http://lua.sqlite.org/index.cgi/zip/lsqlite3_fsl09y.zip?uuid=fsl_9y",
    file = "lsqlite3_fsl09y.zip"
}
description = {
    summary = "A binding for Lua to the SQLite3 database library",
    detailed = [[
        lsqlite3 is a thin wrapper around the public domain SQLite3 database engine. SQLite3 is 
        dynamically linked to lsqlite3. The statically linked alternative is lsqlite3complete.
        The lsqlite3 module supports the creation and manipulation of SQLite3 databases. 
        Most sqlite3 functions are called via an object-oriented interface to either 
        database or SQL statement objects.
    ]],
    license = "MIT",
    homepage = "http://lua.sqlite.org/"
}
dependencies = {
    "lua >= 5.1, < 5.5"
}
external_dependencies = {
    SQLITE = {
        header = "sqlite3.h"
    }
}
build = {
    type = "builtin",
    modules = {
        lsqlite3 = {
            sources = { "lsqlite3.c" },
            defines = {'LSQLITE_VERSION="0.9.5"'},
            libraries = { "sqlite3" },
            incdirs = { "$(SQLITE_INCDIR)" },
            libdirs = { "$(SQLITE_LIBDIR)" }
        },
    },
	copy_directories = { 'doc', 'examples' }
}

Changes to lsqlite3.c.

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#include "lua.h"
#include "lauxlib.h"

#if LUA_VERSION_NUM > 501
/*
** Lua 5.2
*/

#define lua_strlen lua_rawlen

/* luaL_typerror always used with arg at ndx == NULL */
#define luaL_typerror(L,ndx,str) luaL_error(L,"bad argument %d (%s expected, got nil)",ndx,str)
/* luaL_register used once, so below expansion is OK for this case */
#define luaL_register(L,name,reg) lua_newtable(L);luaL_setfuncs(L,reg,0)
/* luaL_openlib always used with name == NULL */
#define luaL_openlib(L,name,reg,nup) luaL_setfuncs(L,reg,nup)








>

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#include "lua.h"
#include "lauxlib.h"

#if LUA_VERSION_NUM > 501
/*
** Lua 5.2
*/
#ifndef lua_strlen
#define lua_strlen lua_rawlen
#endif
/* luaL_typerror always used with arg at ndx == NULL */
#define luaL_typerror(L,ndx,str) luaL_error(L,"bad argument %d (%s expected, got nil)",ndx,str)
/* luaL_register used once, so below expansion is OK for this case */
#define luaL_register(L,name,reg) lua_newtable(L);luaL_setfuncs(L,reg,0)
/* luaL_openlib always used with name == NULL */
#define luaL_openlib(L,name,reg,nup) luaL_setfuncs(L,reg,nup)

Added lsqlite3complete-0.9.5-1.rockspec.

















































































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package = "lsqlite3complete"
version = "0.9.5-1"
source = {
    url = "http://lua.sqlite.org/index.cgi/zip/lsqlite3_fsl09y.zip?uuid=fsl_9y",
    file = "lsqlite3_fsl09y.zip"
}
description = {
    summary = "A binding for Lua to the SQLite3 database library",
    detailed = [[
        lsqlite3complete is a thin wrapper around the public domain SQLite3 database engine. 
        SQLite3 is included and statically linked. (The dynamically linked alternative is lsqlite3).
        The lsqlite3complete module supports the creation and manipulation of SQLite3 databases. 
        Most sqlite3 functions are called via an object-oriented interface to either database
        or SQL statement objects.
    ]],
    license = "MIT",
    homepage = "http://lua.sqlite.org/"
}
dependencies = {
    "lua >= 5.1, < 5.5"
}
build = {
    type = "builtin",
    modules = {
        lsqlite3complete = {
            sources = { "lsqlite3.c", "sqlite3.c" },
            defines = {'LSQLITE_VERSION="0.9.5"', 'luaopen_lsqlite3=luaopen_lsqlite3complete'}
        },
    },
    platforms = {
        unix = {
            modules = {
                lsqlite3complete = {
                    libraries = { "pthread", "m", "dl" }
                }
            }
        }
    },
    copy_directories = { 'doc', 'examples' }
}

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/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
................................................................................
**
** Since [version 3.6.18] ([dateof:3.6.18]), 
** SQLite source code has been stored in the
** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">Fossil configuration management
** system</a>.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evaluates to
** a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
** within its configuration management system.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.


**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.15.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3015001
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2016-11-04 12:08:49 1136863c76576110e710dd5d69ab6bf347c65e36"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
** but are associated with the library instead of the header file.  ^(Cautious
** programmers might include assert() statements in their application to
** verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in
** the header, and thus ensure that the application is
** compiled with matching library and header files.
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** assert( sqlite3_libversion_number()==SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER );
** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)==0 );
** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_libversion(),SQLITE_VERSION)==0 );
** </pre></blockquote>)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_version[] string constant contains the text of [SQLITE_VERSION]
** macro.  ^The sqlite3_libversion() function returns a pointer to the
** to the sqlite3_version[] string constant.  The sqlite3_libversion()
** function is provided for use in DLLs since DLL users usually do not have
** direct access to string constants within the DLL.  ^The
** sqlite3_libversion_number() function returns an integer equal to
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER].  ^The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns 
** a pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the 
** [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macro.


**
** See also: [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXTERN const char sqlite3_version[];
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite_int64 types can store integer values
** between -9223372036854775808 and +9223372036854775807 inclusive.  ^The
** sqlite3_uint64 and sqlite_uint64 types can store integer values 
** between 0 and +18446744073709551615 inclusive.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
  typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;



  typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;

#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
  typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
#else
  typedef long long int sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned long long int sqlite_uint64;
#endif
................................................................................
**
** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
**
** See also: [extended result code definitions]
*/
#define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
/* beginning-of-error-codes */
#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
#define SQLITE_BUSY         5   /* The database file is locked */
#define SQLITE_LOCKED       6   /* A table in the database is locked */
#define SQLITE_NOMEM        7   /* A malloc() failed */
#define SQLITE_READONLY     8   /* Attempt to write a readonly database */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_INTERRUPT    9   /* Operation terminated by sqlite3_interrupt()*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR       10   /* Some kind of disk I/O error occurred */
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT     11   /* The database disk image is malformed */
#define SQLITE_NOTFOUND    12   /* Unknown opcode in sqlite3_file_control() */
#define SQLITE_FULL        13   /* Insertion failed because database is full */
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN    14   /* Unable to open the database file */
#define SQLITE_PROTOCOL    15   /* Database lock protocol error */
#define SQLITE_EMPTY       16   /* Database is empty */
#define SQLITE_SCHEMA      17   /* The database schema changed */
#define SQLITE_TOOBIG      18   /* String or BLOB exceeds size limit */
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT  19   /* Abort due to constraint violation */
#define SQLITE_MISMATCH    20   /* Data type mismatch */
#define SQLITE_MISUSE      21   /* Library used incorrectly */
#define SQLITE_NOLFS       22   /* Uses OS features not supported on host */
#define SQLITE_AUTH        23   /* Authorization denied */
#define SQLITE_FORMAT      24   /* Auxiliary database format error */
#define SQLITE_RANGE       25   /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
#define SQLITE_NOTADB      26   /* File opened that is not a database file */
#define SQLITE_NOTICE      27   /* Notifications from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_WARNING     28   /* Warnings from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */
................................................................................
** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors. These [extended result codes] are enabled or disabled
** on a per database connection basis using the
** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.  Or, the extended code for
** the most recent error can be obtained using
** [sqlite3_extended_errcode()].
*/


#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ              (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ        (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC             (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC         (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE          (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT             (SQLITE_IOERR | (7<<8))
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH       (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH          (SQLITE_IOERR | (26<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_VNODE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (27<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_AUTH              (SQLITE_IOERR | (28<<8))



#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))

#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))

#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED        (SQLITE_READONLY | (4<<8))


#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** way around.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite().  The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
** file that were written at the application level might have changed
** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
** guaranteed to be unchanged.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
** flag indicate that a file cannot be deleted when open.  The
** SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE flag indicates that the file is on
** read-only media and cannot be changed even by processes with
** elevated privileges.





*/
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K               0x00000004
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K               0x00000008
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K               0x00000010
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K               0x00000020
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K              0x00000080
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K              0x00000100
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND            0x00000200
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL             0x00000400
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN  0x00000800
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    0x00001000
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE              0x00002000


/*
** CAPI3REF: File Locking Levels
**
** SQLite uses one of these integer values as the second
** argument to calls it makes to the xLock() and xUnlock() methods
** of an [sqlite3_io_methods] object.
................................................................................
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL]




** </ul>
**
** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
** any size are atomic.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
** nnn are atomic.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
................................................................................
** anti-virus programs.  By default, the windows VFS will retry file read,
** file write, and file delete operations up to 10 times, with a delay
** of 25 milliseconds before the first retry and with the delay increasing
** by an additional 25 milliseconds with each subsequent retry.  This
** opcode allows these two values (10 retries and 25 milliseconds of delay)
** to be adjusted.  The values are changed for all database connections
** within the same process.  The argument is a pointer to an array of two
** integers where the first integer i the new retry count and the second
** integer is the delay.  If either integer is negative, then the setting
** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
** interrogated.  The zDbName parameter is ignored.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL] opcode is used to set or query the
................................................................................
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS] opcode is implemented by zipvfs only. All other
** VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU] opcode is implemented by the special VFS used by
** the RBU extension only.  All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for
** this opcode.  








































** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE       2
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE       3
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO              4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU                    26
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER            27
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER        28
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE       29






/* deprecated names */
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO


................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Object
**
** An instance of the sqlite3_vfs object defines the interface between
** the SQLite core and the underlying operating system.  The "vfs"
** in the name of the object stands for "virtual file system".  See
** the [VFS | VFS documentation] for further information.
**
** The value of the iVersion field is initially 1 but may be larger in






** future versions of SQLite.  Additional fields may be appended to this
** object when the iVersion value is increased.  Note that the structure
** of the sqlite3_vfs object changes in the transaction between

** SQLite version 3.5.9 and 3.6.0 and yet the iVersion field was not
** modified.
**
** The szOsFile field is the size of the subclassed [sqlite3_file]
** structure used by this VFS.  mxPathname is the maximum length of
** a pathname in this VFS.
**
** Registered sqlite3_vfs objects are kept on a linked list formed by
** the pNext pointer.  The [sqlite3_vfs_register()]
................................................................................
** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC option takes a single argument which
** is a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.
** The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.)^
** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
** tracks memory usage, for example. </dd>










**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS option takes single argument of type int,
** interpreted as a boolean, which enables or disables the collection of
** memory allocation statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are
** disabled, the following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
**   <ul>
................................................................................
**   </ul>)^
** ^Memory allocation statistics are enabled by default unless SQLite is
** compiled with [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS]=0 in which case memory
** allocation statistics are disabled by default.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH option specifies a static memory buffer
** that SQLite can use for scratch memory.  ^(There are three arguments
** to SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH:  A pointer an 8-byte
** aligned memory buffer from which the scratch allocations will be
** drawn, the size of each scratch allocation (sz),
** and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N).)^
** The first argument must be a pointer to an 8-byte aligned buffer
** of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
** ^SQLite will not use more than one scratch buffers per thread.
** ^SQLite will never request a scratch buffer that is more than 6
** times the database page size.
** ^If SQLite needs needs additional
** scratch memory beyond what is provided by this configuration option, then 
** [sqlite3_malloc()] will be used to obtain the memory needed.<p>
** ^When the application provides any amount of scratch memory using
** SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH, SQLite avoids unnecessary large
** [sqlite3_malloc|heap allocations].
** This can help [Robson proof|prevent memory allocation failures] due to heap
** fragmentation in low-memory embedded systems.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE option specifies a memory pool
** that SQLite can use for the database page cache with the default page
** cache implementation.  
** This configuration option is a no-op if an application-define page
................................................................................
** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by the initial
** allocation, then SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] separately for each
** additional cache line. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option specifies a static memory buffer 
** that SQLite will use for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs
** beyond those provided for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
** ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option is only available if SQLite is compiled
** with either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] and returns
** [SQLITE_ERROR] if invoked otherwise.
** ^There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP:
** An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
** the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.
** ^If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts
................................................................................
** Or if the threshold is -1, statement journals are always held
** exclusively in memory.
** Since many statement journals never become large, setting the spill
** threshold to a value such as 64KiB can greatly reduce the amount of
** I/O required to support statement rollback.
** The default value for this setting is controlled by the
** [SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL] compile-time option.
















** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC     5  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH       6  /* void*, int sz, int N */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE     7  /* void*, int sz, int N */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP          8  /* void*, int nByte, int min */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS     9  /* boolean */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX        10  /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX     11  /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
/* previously SQLITE_CONFIG_CHUNKALLOC 12 which is now unused. */ 
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE    13  /* int int */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN 20  /* int */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG       21  /* xSqllog, void* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE    22  /* sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64 */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE      23  /* int nByte */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ        24  /* int *psz */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ               25  /* unsigned int szPma */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL      26  /* int nByte */



/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
**
** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
**
................................................................................
** schema.  ^The sole argument is a pointer to a constant UTF8 string
** which will become the new schema name in place of "main".  ^SQLite
** does not make a copy of the new main schema name string, so the application
** must ensure that the argument passed into this DBCONFIG option is unchanged
** until after the database connection closes.
** </dd>
**























































** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME            1000 /* const char* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE             1001 /* void* int int */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY           1002 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER        1003 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER 1004 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION 1005 /* int int* */







/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
................................................................................
** has a unique 64-bit signed
** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
** is another alias for the rowid.
**
** ^The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) interface returns the [rowid] of the 
** most recent successful [INSERT] into a rowid table or [virtual table]
** on database connection D.
** ^Inserts into [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are not recorded.
** ^If no successful [INSERT]s into rowid tables
** have ever occurred on the database connection D, 




** then sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) returns zero.
**









** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger or within a [virtual table]
** method, then this routine will return the [rowid] of the inserted
** row as long as the trigger or virtual table method is running.
** But once the trigger or virtual table method ends, the value returned 

** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger or virtual
** table method began.)^
**
** ^An [INSERT] that fails due to a constraint violation is not a
** successful [INSERT] and does not change the value returned by this
** routine.  ^Thus INSERT OR FAIL, INSERT OR IGNORE, INSERT OR ROLLBACK,
** and INSERT OR ABORT make no changes to the return value of this
** routine when their insertion fails.  ^(When INSERT OR REPLACE
** encounters a constraint violation, it does not fail.  The
................................................................................
** function is running and thus changes the last insert [rowid],
** then the value returned by [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] is
** unpredictable and might not equal either the old or the new
** last insert [rowid].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);











/*
** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This function returns the number of rows modified, inserted or
** deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE
** statement on the database connection specified by the only parameter.
................................................................................
** running statements reaches zero are interrupted as if they had been
** running prior to the sqlite3_interrupt() call.  ^New SQL statements
** that are started after the running statement count reaches zero are
** not effected by the sqlite3_interrupt().
** ^A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running
** SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements
** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns.
**
** If the database connection closes while [sqlite3_interrupt()]
** is running then bad things will likely happen.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete
**
** These routines are useful during command-line input to determine if the
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions
**
** These routines are work-alikes of the "printf()" family of functions
** from the standard C library.
** These routines understand most of the common K&R formatting options,

** plus some additional non-standard formats, detailed below.
** Note that some of the more obscure formatting options from recent
** C-library standards are omitted from this implementation.
**
** ^The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their
** results into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].
** The strings returned by these two routines should be
** released by [sqlite3_free()].  ^Both routines return a
** NULL pointer if [sqlite3_malloc()] is unable to allocate enough
** memory to hold the resulting string.
**
** ^(The sqlite3_snprintf() routine is similar to "snprintf()" from
** the standard C library.  The result is written into the
** buffer supplied as the second parameter whose size is given by
** the first parameter. Note that the order of the
** first two parameters is reversed from snprintf().)^  This is an
................................................................................
** guarantees that the buffer is always zero-terminated.  ^The first
** parameter "n" is the total size of the buffer, including space for
** the zero terminator.  So the longest string that can be completely
** written will be n-1 characters.
**
** ^The sqlite3_vsnprintf() routine is a varargs version of sqlite3_snprintf().
**
** These routines all implement some additional formatting
** options that are useful for constructing SQL statements.
** All of the usual printf() formatting options apply.  In addition, there
** is are "%q", "%Q", "%w" and "%z" options.
**
** ^(The %q option works like %s in that it substitutes a nul-terminated
** string from the argument list.  But %q also doubles every '\'' character.
** %q is designed for use inside a string literal.)^  By doubling each '\''
** character it escapes that character and allows it to be inserted into
** the string.
**
** For example, assume the string variable zText contains text as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  char *zText = "It's a happy day!";
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** One can use this text in an SQL statement as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES('%q')", zText);
**  sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
**  sqlite3_free(zSQL);
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** Because the %q format string is used, the '\'' character in zText
** is escaped and the SQL generated is as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It''s a happy day!')
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** This is correct.  Had we used %s instead of %q, the generated SQL
** would have looked like this:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It's a happy day!');
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** This second example is an SQL syntax error.  As a general rule you should
** always use %q instead of %s when inserting text into a string literal.
**
** ^(The %Q option works like %q except it also adds single quotes around
** the outside of the total string.  Additionally, if the parameter in the
** argument list is a NULL pointer, %Q substitutes the text "NULL" (without
** single quotes).)^  So, for example, one could say:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES(%Q)", zText);
**  sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
**  sqlite3_free(zSQL);
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** The code above will render a correct SQL statement in the zSQL
** variable even if the zText variable is a NULL pointer.
**
** ^(The "%w" formatting option is like "%q" except that it expects to
** be contained within double-quotes instead of single quotes, and it
** escapes the double-quote character instead of the single-quote
** character.)^  The "%w" formatting option is intended for safely inserting
** table and column names into a constructed SQL statement.
**
** ^(The "%z" formatting option works like "%s" but with the
** addition that after the string has been read and copied into
** the result, [sqlite3_free()] is called on the input string.)^
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int,char*,const char*, va_list);

/*
................................................................................
** method.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3

**
** ^This routine registers an authorizer callback with a particular
** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
** ^The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled
** by [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants [sqlite3_prepare_v2()],

** [sqlite3_prepare16()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].  ^At various
** points during the compilation process, as logic is being created
** to perform various actions, the authorizer callback is invoked to
** see if those actions are allowed.  ^The authorizer callback should
** return [SQLITE_OK] to allow the action, [SQLITE_IGNORE] to disallow the
** specific action but allow the SQL statement to continue to be
** compiled, or [SQLITE_DENY] to cause the entire SQL statement to be
** rejected with an error.  ^If the authorizer callback returns
................................................................................
** authorizer will fail with an error message explaining that
** access is denied. 
**
** ^The first parameter to the authorizer callback is a copy of the third
** parameter to the sqlite3_set_authorizer() interface. ^The second parameter
** to the callback is an integer [SQLITE_COPY | action code] that specifies
** the particular action to be authorized. ^The third through sixth parameters
** to the callback are zero-terminated strings that contain additional
** details about the action to be authorized.


**
** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_READ]
** and the callback returns [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the
** [prepared statement] statement is constructed to substitute
** a NULL value in place of the table column that would have
** been read if [SQLITE_OK] had been returned.  The [SQLITE_IGNORE]
** return can be used to deny an untrusted user access to individual
** columns of a table.




** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_DELETE] and the callback returns
** [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the [DELETE] operation proceeds but the
** [truncate optimization] is disabled and all rows are deleted individually.
**
** An authorizer is used when [sqlite3_prepare | preparing]
** SQL statements from an untrusted source, to ensure that the SQL statements
** do not try to access data they are not allowed to see, or that they do not
................................................................................
   void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Trace Event Codes
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TRACE
**
** These constants identify classes of events that can be monitored
** using the [sqlite3_trace_v2()] tracing logic.  The third argument
** to [sqlite3_trace_v2()] is an OR-ed combination of one or more of
** the following constants.  ^The first argument to the trace callback
** is one of the following constants.
**
** New tracing constants may be added in future releases.
**
** ^A trace callback has four arguments: xCallback(T,C,P,X).
** ^The T argument is one of the integer type codes above.
................................................................................
** automatically deleted as soon as the database connection is closed.
**
** [[URI filenames in sqlite3_open()]] <h3>URI Filenames</h3>
**
** ^If [URI filename] interpretation is enabled, and the filename argument
** begins with "file:", then the filename is interpreted as a URI. ^URI
** filename interpretation is enabled if the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is
** set in the fourth argument to sqlite3_open_v2(), or if it has
** been enabled globally using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_URI] option with the
** [sqlite3_config()] method or by the [SQLITE_USE_URI] compile-time option.
** As of SQLite version 3.7.7, URI filename interpretation is turned off
** by default, but future releases of SQLite might enable URI filename
** interpretation by default.  See "[URI filenames]" for additional
** information.
**
** URI filenames are parsed according to RFC 3986. ^If the URI contains an
** authority, then it must be either an empty string or the string 
** "localhost". ^If the authority is not an empty string or "localhost", an 
................................................................................
** <dd>The maximum depth of the parse tree on any expression.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of instructions in a virtual machine program
** used to implement an SQL statement.  This limit is not currently
** enforced, though that might be added in some future release of
** SQLite.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of arguments on a function.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of [ATTACH | attached databases].)^</dd>
**
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG              6
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED                  7
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH       8
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           9
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH            10
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS           11

























/*
** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement
** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
** METHOD: sqlite3
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
**
** To execute an SQL query, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
** program using one of these routines.











**
** The first argument, "db", is a [database connection] obtained from a
** prior successful call to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()] or
** [sqlite3_open16()].  The database connection must not have been closed.
**
** The second argument, "zSql", is the statement to be compiled, encoded
** as either UTF-8 or UTF-16.  The sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare_v2()

** interfaces use UTF-8, and sqlite3_prepare16() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2()
** use UTF-16.
**
** ^If the nByte argument is negative, then zSql is read up to the
** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is positive, then it is the
** number of bytes read from zSql.  ^If nByte is zero, then no prepared
** statement is generated.
** If the caller knows that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then
** there is a small performance advantage to passing an nByte parameter that
................................................................................
** The calling procedure is responsible for deleting the compiled
** SQL statement using [sqlite3_finalize()] after it has finished with it.
** ppStmt may not be NULL.
**
** ^On success, the sqlite3_prepare() family of routines return [SQLITE_OK];
** otherwise an [error code] is returned.
**
** The sqlite3_prepare_v2() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2() interfaces are
** recommended for all new programs. The two older interfaces are retained

** for backwards compatibility, but their use is discouraged.
** ^In the "v2" interfaces, the prepared statement
** that is returned (the [sqlite3_stmt] object) contains a copy of the
** original SQL text. This causes the [sqlite3_step()] interface to
** behave differently in three ways:
**
** <ol>
** <li>
** ^If the database schema changes, instead of returning [SQLITE_SCHEMA] as it
................................................................................
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** </li>
** </ol>






*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */








  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);









/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieving Statement SQL
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_sql(P) interface returns a pointer to a copy of the UTF-8
** SQL text used to create [prepared statement] P if P was

** created by either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
** ^The sqlite3_expanded_sql(P) interface returns a pointer to a UTF-8
** string containing the SQL text of prepared statement P with
** [bound parameters] expanded.
**
** ^(For example, if a prepared statement is created using the SQL
** text "SELECT $abc,:xyz" and if parameter $abc is bound to integer 2345
** and parameter :xyz is unbound, then sqlite3_sql() will return
................................................................................
** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the 
** database.  ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make 
** changes to the content of the database files on disk.




*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** still make the distinction between protected and unprotected
** sqlite3_value objects even when not strictly required.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value objects that are passed as parameters into the
** implementation of [application-defined SQL functions] are protected.
** ^The sqlite3_value object returned by
** [sqlite3_column_value()] is unprotected.
** Unprotected sqlite3_value objects may only be used with
** [sqlite3_result_value()] and [sqlite3_bind_value()].

** The [sqlite3_value_blob | sqlite3_value_type()] family of
** interfaces require protected sqlite3_value objects.
*/
typedef struct Mem sqlite3_value;

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Function Context Object
**
** The context in which an SQL function executes is stored in an
** sqlite3_context object.  ^A pointer to an sqlite3_context object
** is always first parameter to [application-defined SQL functions].
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() routine binds a BLOB of length N that
** is filled with zeroes.  ^A zeroblob uses a fixed amount of memory
** (just an integer to hold its size) while it is being processed.
** Zeroblobs are intended to serve as placeholders for BLOBs whose
** content is later written using
** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] routines.
** ^A negative value for the zeroblob results in a zero-length BLOB.









**
** ^If any of the sqlite3_bind_*() routines are called with a NULL pointer
** for the [prepared statement] or with a prepared statement for which
** [sqlite3_step()] has been called more recently than [sqlite3_reset()],
** then the call will return [SQLITE_MISUSE].  If any sqlite3_bind_()
** routine is passed a [prepared statement] that has been finalized, the
** result is undefined and probably harmful.
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);

SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_uint64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** and are referred to as "nameless" or "anonymous parameters".
**
** ^The first host parameter has an index of 1, not 0.
**
** ^If the value N is out of range or if the N-th parameter is
** nameless, then NULL is returned.  ^The returned string is
** always in UTF-8 encoding even if the named parameter was
** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()] or
** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);

................................................................................
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name.  ^The
** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
** parameter to [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()].  ^A zero
** is returned if no matching parameter is found.  ^The parameter
** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].

**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);

................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
** [prepared statement]. ^This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL
** statement that does not return data (for example an [UPDATE]).




**
** See also: [sqlite3_data_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set
................................................................................
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using either

** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or one of the legacy
** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or [sqlite3_prepare16()], this function
** must be called one or more times to evaluate the statement.
**
** The details of the behavior of the sqlite3_step() interface depend
** on whether the statement was prepared using the newer "v2" interface

** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or the older legacy
** interface [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()].  The use of the
** new "v2" interface is recommended for new applications but the legacy
** interface will continue to be supported.
**
** ^In the legacy interface, the return value will be either [SQLITE_BUSY],
** [SQLITE_DONE], [SQLITE_ROW], [SQLITE_ERROR], or [SQLITE_MISUSE].
** ^With the "v2" interface, any of the other [result codes] or
** [extended result codes] might be returned as well.
**
................................................................................
** <b>Goofy Interface Alert:</b> In the legacy interface, the sqlite3_step()
** API always returns a generic error code, [SQLITE_ERROR], following any
** error other than [SQLITE_BUSY] and [SQLITE_MISUSE].  You must call
** [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] in order to find one of the
** specific [error codes] that better describes the error.
** We admit that this is a goofy design.  The problem has been fixed
** with the "v2" interface.  If you prepare all of your SQL statements

** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
** by sqlite3_step().  The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
#endif
#define SQLITE3_TEXT     3

/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Values From A Query
** KEYWORDS: {column access functions}
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt






















**
** ^These routines return information about a single column of the current
** result row of a query.  ^In every case the first argument is a pointer
** to the [prepared statement] that is being evaluated (the [sqlite3_stmt*]
** that was returned from [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or one of its variants)
** and the second argument is the index of the column for which information
** should be returned. ^The leftmost column of the result set has the index 0.
................................................................................
** If any of these routines are called after [sqlite3_reset()] or
** [sqlite3_finalize()] or after [sqlite3_step()] has returned
** something other than [SQLITE_ROW], the results are undefined.
** If [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]
** are called from a different thread while any of these routines
** are pending, then the results are undefined.
**






** ^The sqlite3_column_type() routine returns the
** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype code] for the initial data type
** of the result column.  ^The returned value is one of [SQLITE_INTEGER],
** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL].  The value
** returned by sqlite3_column_type() is only meaningful if no type
** conversions have occurred as described below.  After a type conversion,
** the value returned by sqlite3_column_type() is undefined.  Future



** versions of SQLite may change the behavior of sqlite3_column_type()
** following a type conversion.




**
** ^If the result is a BLOB or UTF-8 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes()
** routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string.
** ^If the result is a UTF-16 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes() converts
** the string to UTF-8 and then returns the number of bytes.
** ^If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes() uses
** [sqlite3_snprintf()] to convert that value to a UTF-8 string and returns
................................................................................
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object.  In a multithreaded environment,
** an unprotected sqlite3_value object may only be used safely with
** [sqlite3_bind_value()] and [sqlite3_result_value()].
** If the [unprotected sqlite3_value] object returned by
** [sqlite3_column_value()] is used in any other way, including calls
** to routines like [sqlite3_value_int()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
** or [sqlite3_value_bytes()], the behavior is not threadsafe.




**
** These routines attempt to convert the value where appropriate.  ^For

** example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
** is requested, [sqlite3_snprintf()] is used internally to perform the
** conversion automatically.  ^(The following table details the conversions
** that are applied:
**
** <blockquote>
** <table border="1">
** <tr><th> Internal<br>Type <th> Requested<br>Type <th>  Conversion
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_column_text() or sqlite3_column_blob() with calls to
** sqlite3_column_bytes16(), and do not mix calls to sqlite3_column_text16()
** with calls to sqlite3_column_bytes().
**
** ^The pointers returned are valid until a type conversion occurs as
** described above, or until [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or
** [sqlite3_finalize()] is called.  ^The memory space used to hold strings
** and BLOBs is freed automatically.  Do <em>not</em> pass the pointers returned
** from [sqlite3_column_blob()], [sqlite3_column_text()], etc. into
** [sqlite3_free()].
**
** ^(If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any
** of these routines, a default value is returned.  The default value
** is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL
** pointer.  Subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] will return
** [SQLITE_NOMEM].)^
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);




/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
** ^If the most recent evaluation of the statement encountered no errors
................................................................................
                      void*,sqlite3_int64);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** The C-language implementation of SQL functions and aggregates uses
** this set of interface routines to access the parameter values on
** the function or aggregate.  























**
** The xFunc (for scalar functions) or xStep (for aggregates) parameters
** to [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
** define callbacks that implement the SQL functions and aggregates.
** The 3rd parameter to these callbacks is an array of pointers to



** [protected sqlite3_value] objects.  There is one [sqlite3_value] object for
** each parameter to the SQL function.  These routines are used to
** extract values from the [sqlite3_value] objects.


**
** These routines work only with [protected sqlite3_value] objects.
** Any attempt to use these routines on an [unprotected sqlite3_value]
** object results in undefined behavior.
**
** ^These routines work just like the corresponding [column access functions]
** except that these routines take a single [protected sqlite3_value] object
** pointer instead of a [sqlite3_stmt*] pointer and an integer column number.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_text16() interface extracts a UTF-16 string
** in the native byte-order of the host machine.  ^The
** sqlite3_value_text16be() and sqlite3_value_text16le() interfaces
** extract UTF-16 strings as big-endian and little-endian respectively.
**


















** ^(The sqlite3_value_numeric_type() interface attempts to apply
** numeric affinity to the value.  This means that an attempt is
** made to convert the value to an integer or floating point.  If
** such a conversion is possible without loss of information (in other
** words, if the value is a string that looks like a number)
** then the conversion is performed.  Otherwise no conversion occurs.
** The [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype] after conversion is returned.)^













**
** Please pay particular attention to the fact that the pointer returned
** from [sqlite3_value_blob()], [sqlite3_value_text()], or
** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
** [sqlite3_value_bytes()], [sqlite3_value_bytes16()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread as
** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);

SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);


SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Finding The Subtype Of SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** The sqlite3_value_subtype(V) function returns the subtype for
** an [application-defined SQL function] argument V.  The subtype
** information can be used to pass a limited amount of context from
** one SQL function to another.  Use the [sqlite3_result_subtype()]
** routine to set the subtype for the return value of an SQL function.
**
** SQLite makes no use of subtype itself.  It merely passes the subtype
** from the result of one [application-defined SQL function] into the
** input of another.
*/
SQLITE_API unsigned int sqlite3_value_subtype(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Copy And Free SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
................................................................................
** of where this might be useful is in a regular-expression matching
** function. The compiled version of the regular expression can be stored as
** metadata associated with the pattern string.  
** Then as long as the pattern string remains the same,
** the compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
** invocations of the same function.
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the metadata
** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata() function with the Nth argument
** value to the application-defined function. ^If there is no metadata

** associated with the function argument, this sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface
** returns a NULL pointer.
**
** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) interface saves P as metadata for the N-th
** argument of the application-defined function.  ^Subsequent
** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) return P from the most recent
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) call if the metadata is still valid or
** NULL if the metadata has been discarded.
................................................................................
** should be called near the end of the function implementation and the
** function implementation should not make any use of P after
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() has been called.
**
** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
** function parameters that are compile-time constants, including literal
** values and [parameters] and expressions composed from the same.)^




**
** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
** the SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));

................................................................................
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to
** sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite
** assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not
** copy the content of the parameter nor call a destructor on the content
** when it has finished using that result.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** or sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_TRANSIENT
** then SQLite makes a copy of the result into space obtained from
** from [sqlite3_malloc()] before it returns.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_value() interface sets the result of
** the application-defined function to be a copy of the
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object specified by the 2nd parameter.  ^The
** sqlite3_result_value() interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
** so that the [sqlite3_value] specified in the parameter may change or
** be deallocated after sqlite3_result_value() returns without harm.
** ^A [protected sqlite3_value] object may always be used where an
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object is required, so either
** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
**











** If these routines are called from within the different thread
** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob64(sqlite3_context*,const void*,
                           sqlite3_uint64,void(*)(void*));
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text64(sqlite3_context*, const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                           void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_uint64 n);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Setting The Subtype Of An SQL Function
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
................................................................................
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [data_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXTERN char *sqlite3_data_directory;




































/*
** CAPI3REF: Test For Auto-Commit Mode
** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
................................................................................
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
** release of SQLite.
**
** The update hook implementation must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the update hook.  Any actions
................................................................................
** interface returns SQLITE_OK and fills in the non-NULL pointers in
** the final five arguments with appropriate values if the specified
** column exists.  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata() interface returns
** SQLITE_ERROR and if the specified column does not exist.
** ^If the column-name parameter to sqlite3_table_column_metadata() is a
** NULL pointer, then this routine simply checks for the existence of the
** table and returns SQLITE_OK if the table exists and SQLITE_ERROR if it
** does not.


**
** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
** this function. ^(The second parameter is either the name of the database
** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
** table or NULL.)^ ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
** for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to
** resolve unqualified table references.
................................................................................
  int idxFlags;              /* Mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.10.0 and later */
  sqlite3_uint64 colUsed;    /* Input: Mask of columns used by statement */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Scan Flags




*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE      1     /* Scan visits at most 1 row */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ      2
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT      4
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE      8
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT     16
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE     32
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH  64
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LIKE   65
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GLOB   66
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_REGEXP 67






/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
** ^Module names must be registered before
................................................................................
**         being opened for read/write access)^.
** </ul>
**
** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE, this function sets the 
** [database connection] error code and message accessible via 
** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions. 
**






**
** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.)^
** ^Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
................................................................................
**
** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function may be used to create a 
** zero-filled blob to read or write using the incremental-blob interface.
**
** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].




*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
  sqlite3*,
  const char *zDb,
  const char *zTable,
  const char *zColumn,
  sqlite3_int64 iRow,
................................................................................
  sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Move a BLOB Handle to a New Row
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^This function is used to move an existing blob handle so that it points
** to a different row of the same database table. ^The new row is identified
** by the rowid value passed as the second argument. Only the row can be
** changed. ^The database, table and column on which the blob handle is open
** remain the same. Moving an existing blob handle to a new row can be
** faster than closing the existing handle and opening a new one.
**
** ^(The new row must meet the same criteria as for [sqlite3_blob_open()] -
** it must exist and there must be either a blob or text value stored in
** the nominated column.)^ ^If the new row is not present in the table, or if
** it does not contain a blob or text value, or if another error occurs, an
** SQLite error code is returned and the blob handle is considered aborted.
................................................................................
** ^A NULL pointer can be used in place of "main" to refer to the
** main database file.
** ^The third and fourth parameters to this routine
** are passed directly through to the second and third parameters of
** the xFileControl method.  ^The return value of the xFileControl
** method becomes the return value of this routine.
**
** ^The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER value for the op parameter causes
** a pointer to the underlying [sqlite3_file] object to be written into
** the space pointed to by the 4th parameter.  ^The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER
** case is a short-circuit path which does not actually invoke the
** underlying sqlite3_io_methods.xFileControl method.
**
** ^If the second parameter (zDbName) does not match the name of any
** open database file, then SQLITE_ERROR is returned.  ^This error
** code is not remembered and will not be recalled by [sqlite3_errcode()]
** or [sqlite3_errmsg()].  The underlying xFileControl method might
** also return SQLITE_ERROR.  There is no way to distinguish between
** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
** xFileControl method.
**
** See also: [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface
**
** ^The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL            9
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS     10
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE            11
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                  12
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ONCE_RESET_THRESHOLD    19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER                25

#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    25
























































































































































































/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^These interfaces are used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
................................................................................
** that can be returned by [sqlite3_status()].
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter is the current amount of memory checked out
** using [sqlite3_malloc()], either directly or indirectly.  The
** figure includes calls made to [sqlite3_malloc()] by the application
** and internal memory usage by the SQLite library.  Scratch memory
** controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and auxiliary page-cache
** memory controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE] is not included in
** this parameter.  The amount returned is the sum of the allocation
** sizes as reported by the xSize method in [sqlite3_mem_methods].</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] (or their
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [pagecache memory allocator].  Only the value returned in the
** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.  
** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of allocations used out of the
** [scratch memory allocator] configured using
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH].  The value returned is in allocations, not
** in bytes.  Since a single thread may only have one scratch allocation
** outstanding at time, this parameter also reports the number of threads
** using scratch memory at the same time.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of scratch memory
** allocation which could not be satisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]
** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()].  The values
** returned include overflows because the requested allocation was too
** larger (that is, because the requested allocation was larger than the
** "sz" parameter to [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]) and because no scratch buffer
** slots were available.
** </dd>)^

**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [scratch memory allocator].  Only the value returned in the
** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.  
** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^

**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK</dt>
** <dd>The *pHighwater parameter records the deepest parser stack. 
** The *pCurrent value is undefined.  The *pHighwater value is only
** meaningful if SQLite is compiled with [YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH].</dd>)^
** </dl>
**
** New status parameters may be added from time to time.
*/
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED          0
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED       1
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW   2
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED         3
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW     4
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE          5
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK         6
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE       7
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE         8
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT         9

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Status
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information 
................................................................................
** wal file in wal mode databases, or the number of pages written to the
** database file in rollback mode databases. Any pages written as part of
** transaction rollback or database recovery operations are not included.
** If an IO or other error occurs while writing a page to disk, the effect
** on subsequent SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE requests is undefined.)^ ^The
** highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE is always 0.
** </dd>









**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns zero for the current value if and only if
** all foreign key constraints (deferred or immediate) have been
** resolved.)^  ^The highwater mark is always 0.
** </dd>
** </dl>
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE          9
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS        10
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED   11

#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                 11   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
................................................................................
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of virtual machine operations executed
** by the prepared statement if that number is less than or equal
** to 2147483647.  The number of virtual machine operations can be 
** used as a proxy for the total work done by the prepared statement.
** If the number of virtual machine operations exceeds 2147483647
** then the value returned by this statement status code is undefined.


















** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP           4




/*
** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
**
** The sqlite3_pcache type is opaque.  It is implemented by
** the pluggable module.  The SQLite core has no knowledge of
** its size or internal structure and never deals with the
................................................................................
** value returned is one of [SQLITE_ROLLBACK], [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_FAIL],
** [SQLITE_ABORT], or [SQLITE_REPLACE], according to the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
** [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);



































/*
** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
** KEYWORDS: {conflict resolution mode}
**
** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** is for the SQL statement being evaluated.
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: The pre-update hook.
**
** ^These interfaces are only available if SQLite is compiled using the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK] compile-time option.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] interface registers a callback function
** that is invoked prior to each [INSERT], [UPDATE], and [DELETE] operation
** on a [rowid table].
** ^At most one preupdate hook may be registered at a time on a single
** [database connection]; each call to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] overrides
** the previous setting.
** ^The preupdate hook is disabled by invoking [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()]
** with a NULL pointer as the second parameter.
** ^The third parameter to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] is passed through as
** the first parameter to callbacks.
**
** ^The preupdate hook only fires for changes to [rowid tables]; the preupdate
** hook is not invoked for changes to [virtual tables] or [WITHOUT ROWID]
** tables.
**
** ^The second parameter to the preupdate callback is a pointer to
** the [database connection] that registered the preupdate hook.
** ^The third parameter to the preupdate callback is one of the constants
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE], or [SQLITE_UPDATE] to identify the
** kind of update operation that is about to occur.
** ^(The fourth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
** database within the database connection that is being modified.  This
** will be "main" for the main database or "temp" for TEMP tables or 
** the name given after the AS keyword in the [ATTACH] statement for attached
** databases.)^
** ^The fifth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
** table that is being modified.


** ^The sixth parameter to the preupdate callback is the initial [rowid] of the
** row being changes for SQLITE_UPDATE and SQLITE_DELETE changes and is
** undefined for SQLITE_INSERT changes.
** ^The seventh parameter to the preupdate callback is the final [rowid] of
** the row being changed for SQLITE_UPDATE and SQLITE_INSERT changes and is
** undefined for SQLITE_DELETE changes.




**
** The [sqlite3_preupdate_old()], [sqlite3_preupdate_new()],
** [sqlite3_preupdate_count()], and [sqlite3_preupdate_depth()] interfaces
** provide additional information about a preupdate event. These routines
** may only be called from within a preupdate callback.  Invoking any of
** these routines from outside of a preupdate callback or with a
** [database connection] pointer that is different from the one supplied
................................................................................
** callback was invoked as a result of a direct insert, update, or delete
** operation; or 1 for inserts, updates, or deletes invoked by top-level 
** triggers; or 2 for changes resulting from triggers called by top-level
** triggers; and so forth.
**
** See also:  [sqlite3_update_hook()]
*/

SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sqlite3_preupdate_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void(*xPreUpdate)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to preupdate_hook() */
    sqlite3 *db,                  /* Database handle */
    int op,                       /* SQLITE_UPDATE, DELETE or INSERT */
    char const *zDb,              /* Database name */
    char const *zName,            /* Table name */
    sqlite3_int64 iKey1,          /* Rowid of row about to be deleted/updated */
    sqlite3_int64 iKey2           /* New rowid value (for a rowid UPDATE) */
  ),
  void*
);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_preupdate_old(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_preupdate_count(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_preupdate_depth(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_preupdate_new(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Low-level system error code
**
** ^Attempt to return the underlying operating system error code or error
** number that caused the most recent I/O error or failure to open a file.
** The return value is OS-dependent.  For example, on unix systems, after
................................................................................
** called to get back the underlying "errno" that caused the problem, such
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
................................................................................
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot sqlite3_snapshot;



/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.











** ^If schema S of [database connection] D is not a [WAL mode] database
** that is in a read transaction, then [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)]
** leaves the *P value unchanged and returns an appropriate [error code].














**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
................................................................................
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);

















































































































































/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif
................................................................................
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif


/*
** CAPI3REF: Session Object Handle



*/
typedef struct sqlite3_session sqlite3_session;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Changeset Iterator Handle



*/
typedef struct sqlite3_changeset_iter sqlite3_changeset_iter;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create A New Session Object

**
** Create a new session object attached to database handle db. If successful,
** a pointer to the new object is written to *ppSession and SQLITE_OK is
** returned. If an error occurs, *ppSession is set to NULL and an SQLite
** error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) is returned.
**
** It is possible to create multiple session objects attached to a single
................................................................................
** either of these things are undefined.
**
** The session object will be used to create changesets for tables in
** database zDb, where zDb is either "main", or "temp", or the name of an
** attached database. It is not an error if database zDb is not attached
** to the database when the session object is created.
*/
int sqlite3session_create(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of db (e.g. "main") */
  sqlite3_session **ppSession     /* OUT: New session object */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Delete A Session Object

**
** Delete a session object previously allocated using 
** [sqlite3session_create()]. Once a session object has been deleted, the
** results of attempting to use pSession with any other session module
** function are undefined.
**
** Session objects must be deleted before the database handle to which they
** are attached is closed. Refer to the documentation for 
** [sqlite3session_create()] for details.
*/
void sqlite3session_delete(sqlite3_session *pSession);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable A Session Object

**
** Enable or disable the recording of changes by a session object. When
** enabled, a session object records changes made to the database. When
** disabled - it does not. A newly created session object is enabled.
** Refer to the documentation for [sqlite3session_changeset()] for further
** details regarding how enabling and disabling a session object affects
** the eventual changesets.
................................................................................
** Passing zero to this function disables the session. Passing a value
** greater than zero enables it. Passing a value less than zero is a 
** no-op, and may be used to query the current state of the session.
**
** The return value indicates the final state of the session object: 0 if 
** the session is disabled, or 1 if it is enabled.
*/
int sqlite3session_enable(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bEnable);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set Or Clear the Indirect Change Flag

**
** Each change recorded by a session object is marked as either direct or
** indirect. A change is marked as indirect if either:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The session object "indirect" flag is set when the change is
**        made, or
................................................................................
** is set. Passing a value less than zero does not modify the current value
** of the indirect flag, and may be used to query the current state of the 
** indirect flag for the specified session object.
**
** The return value indicates the final state of the indirect flag: 0 if 
** it is clear, or 1 if it is set.
*/
int sqlite3session_indirect(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bIndirect);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Attach A Table To A Session Object

**
** If argument zTab is not NULL, then it is the name of a table to attach
** to the session object passed as the first argument. All subsequent changes 
** made to the table while the session object is enabled will be recorded. See 
** documentation for [sqlite3session_changeset()] for further details.
**
** Or, if argument zTab is NULL, then changes are recorded for all tables
................................................................................
** no changes will be recorded in either of these scenarios.
**
** Changes are not recorded for individual rows that have NULL values stored
** in one or more of their PRIMARY KEY columns.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if the call completes without error. Or, if an error 
** occurs, an SQLite error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) is returned.





























*/
int sqlite3session_attach(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  const char *zTab                /* Table name */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set a table filter on a Session Object.

**
** The second argument (xFilter) is the "filter callback". For changes to rows 
** in tables that are not attached to the Session object, the filter is called
** to determine whether changes to the table's rows should be tracked or not. 
** If xFilter returns 0, changes is not tracked. Note that once a table is 
** attached, xFilter will not be called again.
*/
void sqlite3session_table_filter(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to _filter_table() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xFilter */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Generate A Changeset From A Session Object

**
** Obtain a changeset containing changes to the tables attached to the 
** session object passed as the first argument. If successful, 
** set *ppChangeset to point to a buffer containing the changeset 
** and *pnChangeset to the size of the changeset in bytes before returning
** SQLITE_OK. If an error occurs, set both *ppChangeset and *pnChangeset to
** zero and return an SQLite error code.
................................................................................
** is inserted while a session object is enabled, then later deleted while 
** the same session object is disabled, no INSERT record will appear in the
** changeset, even though the delete took place while the session was disabled.
** Or, if one field of a row is updated while a session is disabled, and 
** another field of the same row is updated while the session is enabled, the
** resulting changeset will contain an UPDATE change that updates both fields.
*/
int sqlite3session_changeset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnChangeset,               /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
  void **ppChangeset              /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Load The Difference Between Tables Into A Session 

**
** If it is not already attached to the session object passed as the first
** argument, this function attaches table zTbl in the same manner as the
** [sqlite3session_attach()] function. If zTbl does not exist, or if it
** does not have a primary key, this function is a no-op (but does not return
** an error).
**
................................................................................
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in 
**     the from-table, an INSERT record is added to the session object.
**
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in 
**     the from-table, a DELETE record is added to the session object.
**
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in both tables, but features 
**     different in each, an UPDATE record is added to the session.

** </ul>
**
** To clarify, if this function is called and then a changeset constructed
** using [sqlite3session_changeset()], then after applying that changeset to 
** database zFrom the contents of the two compatible tables would be 
** identical.
**
................................................................................
**
** If the operation successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an SQLite
** error code. In this case, if argument pzErrMsg is not NULL, *pzErrMsg
** may be set to point to a buffer containing an English language error 
** message. It is the responsibility of the caller to free this buffer using
** sqlite3_free().
*/
int sqlite3session_diff(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  const char *zFromDb,
  const char *zTbl,
  char **pzErrMsg
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Generate A Patchset From A Session Object

**
** The differences between a patchset and a changeset are that:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> DELETE records consist of the primary key fields only. The 
**        original values of other fields are omitted.
**   <li> The original values of any modified fields are omitted from 
................................................................................
** in the same way as for changesets.
**
** Changes within a patchset are ordered in the same way as for changesets
** generated by the sqlite3session_changeset() function (i.e. all changes for
** a single table are grouped together, tables appear in the order in which
** they were attached to the session object).
*/
int sqlite3session_patchset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnPatchset,                /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
  void **ppPatchset               /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test if a changeset has recorded any changes.
**
** Return non-zero if no changes to attached tables have been recorded by 
** the session object passed as the first argument. Otherwise, if one or 
................................................................................
** [sqlite3session_changeset()] on the session handle may still return a
** changeset that contains no changes. This can happen when a row in 
** an attached table is modified and then later on the original values 
** are restored. However, if this function returns non-zero, then it is
** guaranteed that a call to sqlite3session_changeset() will return a 
** changeset containing zero changes.
*/
int sqlite3session_isempty(sqlite3_session *pSession);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create An Iterator To Traverse A Changeset 

**
** Create an iterator used to iterate through the contents of a changeset.
** If successful, *pp is set to point to the iterator handle and SQLITE_OK
** is returned. Otherwise, if an error occurs, *pp is set to zero and an
** SQLite error code is returned.
**
** The following functions can be used to advance and query a changeset 
................................................................................
** that apply to a single table are grouped together. This means that when 
** an application iterates through a changeset using an iterator created by 
** this function, all changes that relate to a single table are visited 
** consecutively. There is no chance that the iterator will visit a change 
** the applies to table X, then one for table Y, and then later on visit 
** another change for table X.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_start(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,    /* OUT: New changeset iterator handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset blob in bytes */
  void *pChangeset                /* Pointer to blob containing changeset */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Advance A Changeset Iterator

**
** This function may only be used with iterators created by function
** [sqlite3changeset_start()]. If it is called on an iterator passed to
** a conflict-handler callback by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], SQLITE_MISUSE
** is returned and the call has no effect.
**
** Immediately after an iterator is created by sqlite3changeset_start(), it
................................................................................
** Otherwise, if all changes in the changeset have already been visited,
** SQLITE_DONE is returned.
**
** If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned. Possible error 
** codes include SQLITE_CORRUPT (if the changeset buffer is corrupt) or 
** SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_next(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain The Current Operation From A Changeset Iterator

**
** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
** call to [sqlite3changeset_next()] must have returned [SQLITE_ROW]. If this
** is not the case, this function returns [SQLITE_MISUSE].
**
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE] or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the 
** type of change that the iterator currently points to.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an error does occur, an
** SQLite error code is returned. The values of the output variables may not
** be trusted in this case.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_op(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
  const char **pzTab,             /* OUT: Pointer to table name */
  int *pnCol,                     /* OUT: Number of columns in table */
  int *pOp,                       /* OUT: SQLITE_INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE */
  int *pbIndirect                 /* OUT: True for an 'indirect' change */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain The Primary Key Definition Of A Table

**
** For each modified table, a changeset includes the following:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The number of columns in the table, and
**   <li> Which of those columns make up the tables PRIMARY KEY.
** </ul>
................................................................................
** in the table.
**
** If this function is called when the iterator does not point to a valid
** entry, SQLITE_MISUSE is returned and the output variables zeroed. Otherwise,
** SQLITE_OK is returned and the output variables populated as described
** above.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_pk(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
  unsigned char **pabPK,          /* OUT: Array of boolean - true for PK cols */
  int *pnCol                      /* OUT: Number of entries in output array */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain old.* Values From A Changeset Iterator

**
** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
** call to [sqlite3changeset_next()] must have returned SQLITE_ROW. 
** Furthermore, it may only be called if the type of change that the iterator
** currently points to is either [SQLITE_DELETE] or [SQLITE_UPDATE]. Otherwise,
................................................................................
** original row values stored as part of the UPDATE or DELETE change and
** returns SQLITE_OK. The name of the function comes from the fact that this 
** is similar to the "old.*" columns available to update or delete triggers.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_old(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Old value (or NULL pointer) */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain new.* Values From A Changeset Iterator

**
** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
** call to [sqlite3changeset_next()] must have returned SQLITE_ROW. 
** Furthermore, it may only be called if the type of change that the iterator
** currently points to is either [SQLITE_UPDATE] or [SQLITE_INSERT]. Otherwise,
................................................................................
** SQLITE_OK returned. The name of the function comes from the fact that 
** this is similar to the "new.*" columns available to update or delete 
** triggers.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_new(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: New value (or NULL pointer) */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Conflicting Row Values From A Changeset Iterator

**
** This function should only be used with iterator objects passed to a
** conflict-handler callback by [sqlite3changeset_apply()] with either
** [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] or [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT]. If this function
** is called on any other iterator, [SQLITE_MISUSE] is returned and *ppValue
** is set to NULL.
**
................................................................................
** sqlite3_value object containing the iVal'th value from the 
** "conflicting row" associated with the current conflict-handler callback
** and returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_conflict(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Value from conflicting row */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine The Number Of Foreign Key Constraint Violations

**
** This function may only be called with an iterator passed to an
** SQLITE_CHANGESET_FOREIGN_KEY conflict handler callback. In this case
** it sets the output variable to the total number of known foreign key
** violations in the destination database and returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** In all other cases this function returns SQLITE_MISUSE.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_fk_conflicts(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int *pnOut                      /* OUT: Number of FK violations */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Finalize A Changeset Iterator

**
** This function is used to finalize an iterator allocated with
** [sqlite3changeset_start()].
**
** This function should only be called on iterators created using the
** [sqlite3changeset_start()] function. If an application calls this
** function with an iterator passed to a conflict-handler by
................................................................................
**
** If an error was encountered within a call to an sqlite3changeset_xxx()
** function (for example an [SQLITE_CORRUPT] in [sqlite3changeset_next()] or an 
** [SQLITE_NOMEM] in [sqlite3changeset_new()]) then an error code corresponding
** to that error is returned by this function. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK is
** returned. This is to allow the following pattern (pseudo-code):
**

**   sqlite3changeset_start();
**   while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3changeset_next() ){
**     // Do something with change.
**   }
**   rc = sqlite3changeset_finalize();
**   if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
**     // An error has occurred 
**   }

*/
int sqlite3changeset_finalize(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Invert A Changeset
**
** This function is used to "invert" a changeset object. Applying an inverted
** changeset to a database reverses the effects of applying the uninverted
** changeset. Specifically:
................................................................................
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually call sqlite3_free()
** on the *ppOut pointer to free the buffer allocation following a successful 
** call to this function.
**
** WARNING/TODO: This function currently assumes that the input is a valid
** changeset. If it is not, the results are undefined.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_invert(
  int nIn, const void *pIn,       /* Input changeset */
  int *pnOut, void **ppOut        /* OUT: Inverse of input */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Concatenate Two Changeset Objects
**
................................................................................
** single changeset. The result is a changeset equivalent to applying
** changeset A followed by changeset B. 
**
** This function combines the two input changesets using an 
** sqlite3_changegroup object. Calling it produces similar results as the
** following code fragment:
**

**   sqlite3_changegroup *pGrp;
**   rc = sqlite3_changegroup_new(&pGrp);
**   if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3changegroup_add(pGrp, nA, pA);
**   if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3changegroup_add(pGrp, nB, pB);
**   if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
**     rc = sqlite3changegroup_output(pGrp, pnOut, ppOut);
**   }else{
**     *ppOut = 0;
**     *pnOut = 0;
**   }

**
** Refer to the sqlite3_changegroup documentation below for details.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_concat(
  int nA,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pA */
  void *pA,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset A */
  int nB,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pB */
  void *pB,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset B */
  int *pnOut,                     /* OUT: Number of bytes in output changeset */
  void **ppOut                    /* OUT: Buffer containing output changeset */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Changegroup Handle



*/
typedef struct sqlite3_changegroup sqlite3_changegroup;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create A New Changegroup Object

**
** An sqlite3_changegroup object is used to combine two or more changesets
** (or patchsets) into a single changeset (or patchset). A single changegroup
** object may combine changesets or patchsets, but not both. The output is
** always in the same format as the input.
**
** If successful, this function returns SQLITE_OK and populates (*pp) with
................................................................................
** Any number of calls to add() and output() may be made between the calls to
** new() and delete(), and in any order.
**
** As well as the regular sqlite3changegroup_add() and 
** sqlite3changegroup_output() functions, also available are the streaming
** versions sqlite3changegroup_add_strm() and sqlite3changegroup_output_strm().
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_new(sqlite3_changegroup **pp);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Add A Changeset To A Changegroup

**
** Add all changes within the changeset (or patchset) in buffer pData (size
** nData bytes) to the changegroup. 
**
** If the buffer contains a patchset, then all prior calls to this function
** on the same changegroup object must also have specified patchsets. Or, if
** the buffer contains a changeset, so must have the earlier calls to this
................................................................................
** appears to be corrupt and the corruption is detected, SQLITE_CORRUPT is
** returned. Or, if an out-of-memory condition occurs during processing, this
** function returns SQLITE_NOMEM. In all cases, if an error occurs the
** final contents of the changegroup is undefined.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_add(sqlite3_changegroup*, int nData, void *pData);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain A Composite Changeset From A Changegroup

**
** Obtain a buffer containing a changeset (or patchset) representing the
** current contents of the changegroup. If the inputs to the changegroup
** were themselves changesets, the output is a changeset. Or, if the
** inputs were patchsets, the output is also a patchset.
**
** As with the output of the sqlite3session_changeset() and
................................................................................
** If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned and the output
** variables (*pnData) and (*ppData) are set to 0. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK
** is returned and the output variables are set to the size of and a 
** pointer to the output buffer, respectively. In this case it is the
** responsibility of the caller to eventually free the buffer using a
** call to sqlite3_free().
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_output(
  sqlite3_changegroup*,
  int *pnData,                    /* OUT: Size of output buffer in bytes */
  void **ppData                   /* OUT: Pointer to output buffer */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Delete A Changegroup Object

*/
void sqlite3changegroup_delete(sqlite3_changegroup*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Apply A Changeset To A Database
**
** Apply a changeset to a database. This function attempts to update the
** "main" database attached to handle db with the changes found in the
** changeset passed via the second and third arguments.
**
** The fourth argument (xFilter) passed to this function is the "filter
** callback". If it is not NULL, then for each table affected by at least one
** change in the changeset, the filter callback is invoked with
** the table name as the second argument, and a copy of the context pointer
** passed as the sixth argument to this function as the first. If the "filter
** callback" returns zero, then no attempt is made to apply any changes to 
** the table. Otherwise, if the return value is non-zero or the xFilter
** argument to this function is NULL, all changes related to the table are
** attempted.
**
** For each table that is not excluded by the filter callback, this function 
** tests that the target database contains a compatible table. A table is 
** considered compatible if all of the following are true:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The table has the same name as the name recorded in the 
**        changeset, and
**   <li> The table has the same number of columns as recorded in the 
**        changeset, and
**   <li> The table has primary key columns in the same position as 
**        recorded in the changeset.
** </ul>
**
** If there is no compatible table, it is not an error, but none of the
** changes associated with the table are applied. A warning message is issued
................................................................................
** actions are taken by sqlite3changeset_apply() depending on the value
** returned by each invocation of the conflict-handler function. Refer to
** the documentation for the three 
** [SQLITE_CHANGESET_OMIT|available return values] for details.
**
** <dl>
** <dt>DELETE Changes<dd>
**   For each DELETE change, this function checks if the target database 
**   contains a row with the same primary key value (or values) as the 
**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values 
**   stored in all non-primary key columns also match the values stored in 
**   the changeset the row is deleted from the target database.
**
**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
**   the non-primary key fields contains a value different from the original
**   row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function is
**   invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument.




**
**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
**   passed as the second argument.
**
**   If the DELETE operation is attempted, but SQLite returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT
**   (which can only happen if a foreign key constraint is violated), the
................................................................................
**   conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT]
**   passed as the second argument. This includes the case where the DELETE
**   operation is attempted because an earlier call to the conflict handler
**   function returned [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
**
** <dt>INSERT Changes<dd>
**   For each INSERT change, an attempt is made to insert the new row into
**   the database.


**
**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because the database already 
**   contains a row with the same primary key values, the conflict handler
**   function is invoked with the second argument set to 
**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT].
**
**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because of some other constraint
................................................................................
**   violation (e.g. NOT NULL or UNIQUE), the conflict handler function is 
**   invoked with the second argument set to [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT].
**   This includes the case where the INSERT operation is re-attempted because 
**   an earlier call to the conflict handler function returned 
**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
**
** <dt>UPDATE Changes<dd>
**   For each UPDATE change, this function checks if the target database 
**   contains a row with the same primary key value (or values) as the 
**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values 
**   stored in all non-primary key columns also match the values stored in 
**   the changeset the row is updated within the target database.
**
**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
**   the non-primary key fields contains a value different from an original
**   row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function is
**   invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument. Since
**   UPDATE changes only contain values for non-primary key fields that are
**   to be modified, only those fields need to match the original values to
**   avoid the SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA conflict-handler callback.
**
**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
**   passed as the second argument.
................................................................................
** </dl>
**
** It is safe to execute SQL statements, including those that write to the
** table that the callback related to, from within the xConflict callback.
** This can be used to further customize the applications conflict
** resolution strategy.
**
** All changes made by this function are enclosed in a savepoint transaction.
** If any other error (aside from a constraint failure when attempting to
** write to the target database) occurs, then the savepoint transaction is
** rolled back, restoring the target database to its original state, and an 
** SQLite error code returned.

















*/
int sqlite3changeset_apply(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset in bytes */
  void *pChangeset,               /* Changeset blob */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
................................................................................
  int(*xConflict)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xConflict */
);




































/* 
** CAPI3REF: Constants Passed To The Conflict Handler
**
** Values that may be passed as the second argument to a conflict-handler.
**
** <dl>
................................................................................
**   and the call to sqlite3changeset_apply() returns SQLITE_ABORT.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_OMIT       0
#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE    1
#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_ABORT      2

/*



























































































































































** CAPI3REF: Streaming Versions of API functions.
**
** The six streaming API xxx_strm() functions serve similar purposes to the 
** corresponding non-streaming API functions:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th>Streaming function<th>Non-streaming equivalent</th>
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_apply_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_apply] 

**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_concat_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_concat] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_invert_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_invert] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_start_str<td>[sqlite3changeset_start] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_changeset_str<td>[sqlite3session_changeset] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_patchset_str<td>[sqlite3session_patchset] 
** </table>
**
** Non-streaming functions that accept changesets (or patchsets) as input
** require that the entire changeset be stored in a single buffer in memory. 
** Similarly, those that return a changeset or patchset do so by returning 
** a pointer to a single large buffer allocated using sqlite3_malloc(). 
** Normally this is convenient. However, if an application running in a 
................................................................................
** is immediately abandoned and the streaming API function returns a copy
** of the xOutput error code to the application.
**
** The sessions module never invokes an xOutput callback with the third 
** parameter set to a value less than or equal to zero. Other than this,
** no guarantees are made as to the size of the chunks of data returned.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_apply_strm(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData), /* Input function */
  void *pIn,                                          /* First arg for xInput */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
................................................................................
  int(*xConflict)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xConflict */
);

















int sqlite3changeset_concat_strm(
  int (*xInputA)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pInA,
  int (*xInputB)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pInB,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
int sqlite3changeset_invert_strm(
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pIn,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
int sqlite3changeset_start_strm(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pIn
);
int sqlite3session_changeset_strm(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
int sqlite3session_patchset_strm(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
int sqlite3changegroup_add_strm(sqlite3_changegroup*, 
    int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
    void *pIn
);
int sqlite3changegroup_output_strm(sqlite3_changegroup*,
    int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData), 
    void *pOut







);


/*
** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
*/
#ifdef __cplusplus

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>
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>







1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
...
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
...
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
...
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
...
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
...
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
...
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
...
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
...
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
...
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
...
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
....
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
....
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
....
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158

1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
....
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
....
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713


















1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
....
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749

1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
....
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
....
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
....
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139

2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
....
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169

2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189


2190
2191

2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
....
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
....
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338



2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
....
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552

2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
....
2576
2577
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583
































































2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
....
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
....
2759
2760
2761
2762
2763
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768
2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
....
2934
2935
2936
2937
2938
2939
2940
2941
2942
2943
2944
2945
2946
2947
2948
2949
....
3144
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
....
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502
....
3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543
3544
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575
3576
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
3585
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
3591
3592
....
3605
3606
3607
3608
3609
3610
3611
3612
3613
3614
3615
3616
3617
3618
3619
3620
3621
3622
3623
....
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648
3649
3650
3651
3652
3653
3654
3655
3656
3657
3658
3659
3660
3661
3662
3663
3664
3665
3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
....
3686
3687
3688
3689
3690
3691
3692
3693
3694
3695
3696
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
....
3759
3760
3761
3762
3763
3764
3765
3766
3767
3768
3769
3770
3771
3772
3773
3774
3775
3776
....
3821
3822
3823
3824
3825
3826
3827
3828
3829
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835
3836
3837
3838
3839
3840
3841
....
3928
3929
3930
3931
3932
3933
3934
3935
3936
3937
3938
3939
3940
3941
3942
3943
3944
3945
3946
3947
3948
3949
3950
....
3971
3972
3973
3974
3975
3976
3977
3978
3979
3980
3981
3982
3983
3984
3985
....
4015
4016
4017
4018
4019
4020
4021
4022
4023
4024
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029
4030
....
4033
4034
4035
4036
4037
4038
4039
4040
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046
4047
4048
....
4057
4058
4059
4060
4061
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
4076
....
4188
4189
4190
4191
4192
4193
4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200
4201
4202
4203
4204
4205
4206
4207
4208
4209
4210
4211
4212
4213
....
4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
....
4325
4326
4327
4328
4329
4330
4331
4332
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359
4360
....
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374
4375
4376
4377
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
4395
4396
4397
4398
4399
4400
4401
4402
4403
4404
....
4428
4429
4430
4431
4432
4433
4434
4435
4436
4437
4438
4439

4440
4441
4442
4443
4444
4445
4446
4447
4448
....
4506
4507
4508
4509
4510
4511
4512
4513
4514
4515
4516
4517
4518
4519
4520
4521
4522
4523


4524
4525
4526
4527
4528

4529
4530
4531
4532
4533
4534
4535
4536
4537
4538
4539
....
4759
4760
4761
4762
4763
4764
4765
4766
4767
4768
4769
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775
4776
4777
4778
4779
4780
4781
4782
4783
4784
4785
4786
4787
4788
4789
4790
4791
4792




4793
4794
4795
4796


4797
4798
4799
4800
4801
4802
4803
4804
4805
4806
4807
4808
4809
4810
4811
4812
4813
4814
4815
4816
4817
4818
4819
4820
4821
4822
4823
4824
4825
4826
4827
4828
4829
4830
4831
4832
4833
4834
4835
4836
4837
4838
4839
4840
4841
4842
4843
4844
4845
4846
4847
4848
4849
4850
4851
4852
4853
4854
4855
4856
4857
4858
4859
4860
4861


4862
4863
4864
4865
4866
4867
4868
4869
4870
4871
4872
4873
4874
4875
4876
4877
4878
4879
4880
4881
4882
4883
4884




4885
4886
4887
4888
4889
4890
4891
....
4985
4986
4987
4988
4989
4990
4991
4992
4993
4994
4995
4996
4997
4998
4999
5000
5001
5002
5003
....
5019
5020
5021
5022
5023
5024
5025
5026
5027
5028
5029
5030
5031
5032
5033
5034
5035
5036
....
5147
5148
5149
5150
5151
5152
5153
5154
5155
5156
5157
5158
5159
5160
5161
5162
5163
5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
5171
5172
5173
5174
5175
5176
5177
5178
5179
5180
5181
5182
5183
5184
....
5194
5195
5196
5197
5198
5199
5200
5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208
....
5523
5524
5525
5526
5527
5528
5529
5530
5531
5532
5533
5534
5535
5536
5537
5538
5539
5540
5541
5542
5543
5544
5545
5546
5547
5548
5549
5550
5551
5552
5553
5554
5555
5556
5557
5558
5559
5560
5561
5562
5563
5564
5565
5566
5567
5568
5569
5570
5571
....
5716
5717
5718
5719
5720
5721
5722
5723
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
7313
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7321
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....
7351
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7359





7360
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7362
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7364




7365
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....
7498
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....
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....
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....
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....
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8758
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....
8797
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....
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....
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....
8986
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....
9277
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....
9322
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....
9362
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....
9392
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....
9422
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....
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9603
....
9626
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9641
....
9644
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....
9681
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....
9702
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....
9738
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9751
9752
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9760
9761
....
9768
9769
9770
9771
9772
9773
9774
9775
9776
9777
9778
9779
9780
9781
9782
9783
9784
9785
9786
....
9797
9798
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9800
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9802
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9804
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....
9831
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9839
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9841
9842
9843
9844
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9852
9853
....
9862
9863
9864
9865
9866
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9870
9871
9872
9873
9874
9875
9876
9877
9878
9879
9880
9881
9882
9883
9884
....
9896
9897
9898
9899
9900
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9904
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9918
....
9924
9925
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9963
....
9966
9967
9968
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9974
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9976
9977
9978
9979
9980
9981
9982
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9985
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9987
9988
9989
9990
9991
.....
10007
10008
10009
10010
10011
10012
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10015
10016
10017
10018
10019
10020
10021
.....
10023
10024
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10032
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10035
10036
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10066
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10068
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10072
.....
10092
10093
10094
10095
10096
10097
10098
10099
10100
10101
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10103
10104
10105
10106
10107
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10109
10110
.....
10170
10171
10172
10173
10174
10175
10176
10177
10178
10179
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10181
10182
10183
10184
10185
10186
10187
10188
.....
10197
10198
10199
10200
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10202
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10204
10205
10206
10207
10208
10209
10210
10211
10212
10213
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10215
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10218
10219
10220
10221
10222
10223
10224
10225
10226
10227
10228
10229
10230

10231
10232
10233
10234
10235
10236
10237
10238
10239
10240
10241
10242
10243
10244
10245
10246
.....
10268
10269
10270
10271
10272
10273
10274
10275
10276
10277
10278
10279
10280
10281
10282
10283
10284
10285
10286
10287
10288
10289
10290
10291
10292
10293
10294
10295
.....
10296
10297
10298
10299
10300
10301
10302
10303
10304
10305
10306
10307
10308
10309
10310
10311
10312
.....
10313
10314
10315
10316
10317
10318
10319
10320
10321
10322
10323
10324
10325
10326
10327
10328
10329
10330
10331
10332
10333
10334
10335
10336
.....
10344
10345
10346
10347
10348
10349
10350
10351
10352
10353
10354
10355
10356
10357
10358
10359
10360
10361
10362
10363
10364
10365
10366
10367
10368
10369
10370
10371
10372
10373
10374
10375
10376
10377
10378
10379
10380
10381
.....
10382
10383
10384
10385
10386
10387
10388
10389
10390
10391
10392
10393
10394
10395
10396
10397
10398
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10408
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10420
10421
10422
10423
10424
10425
10426
10427
10428
10429
10430
.....
10514
10515
10516
10517
10518
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10520
10521
10522
10523
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10525
10526
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10529
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.....
10759
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10771
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.....
10774
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/*
** 2001-09-15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
................................................................................
**
** Since [version 3.6.18] ([dateof:3.6.18]), 
** SQLite source code has been stored in the
** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">Fossil configuration management
** system</a>.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evaluates to
** a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
** within its configuration management system.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and a SHA1
** or SHA3-256 hash of the entire source tree.  If the source code has
** been edited in any way since it was last checked in, then the last
** four hexadecimal digits of the hash may be modified.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.24.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3024000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2018-06-04 19:24:41 c7ee0833225bfd8c5ec2f9bf62b97c4e04d03bd9566366d5221ac8fb199a87ca"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
** but are associated with the library instead of the header file.  ^(Cautious
** programmers might include assert() statements in their application to
** verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in
** the header, and thus ensure that the application is
** compiled with matching library and header files.
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** assert( sqlite3_libversion_number()==SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER );
** assert( strncmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID,80)==0 );
** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_libversion(),SQLITE_VERSION)==0 );
** </pre></blockquote>)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_version[] string constant contains the text of [SQLITE_VERSION]
** macro.  ^The sqlite3_libversion() function returns a pointer to the
** to the sqlite3_version[] string constant.  The sqlite3_libversion()
** function is provided for use in DLLs since DLL users usually do not have
** direct access to string constants within the DLL.  ^The
** sqlite3_libversion_number() function returns an integer equal to
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER].  ^(The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns 
** a pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the 
** [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macro.  Except if SQLite is built
** using an edited copy of [the amalgamation], then the last four characters
** of the hash might be different from [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID].)^
**
** See also: [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXTERN const char sqlite3_version[];
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite_int64 types can store integer values
** between -9223372036854775808 and +9223372036854775807 inclusive.  ^The
** sqlite3_uint64 and sqlite_uint64 types can store integer values 
** between 0 and +18446744073709551615 inclusive.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
  typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;
# ifdef SQLITE_UINT64_TYPE
    typedef SQLITE_UINT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
# else  
    typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
# endif
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
  typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
#else
  typedef long long int sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned long long int sqlite_uint64;
#endif
................................................................................
**
** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
**
** See also: [extended result code definitions]
*/
#define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
/* beginning-of-error-codes */
#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* Generic error */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
#define SQLITE_BUSY         5   /* The database file is locked */
#define SQLITE_LOCKED       6   /* A table in the database is locked */
#define SQLITE_NOMEM        7   /* A malloc() failed */
#define SQLITE_READONLY     8   /* Attempt to write a readonly database */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_INTERRUPT    9   /* Operation terminated by sqlite3_interrupt()*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR       10   /* Some kind of disk I/O error occurred */
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT     11   /* The database disk image is malformed */
#define SQLITE_NOTFOUND    12   /* Unknown opcode in sqlite3_file_control() */
#define SQLITE_FULL        13   /* Insertion failed because database is full */
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN    14   /* Unable to open the database file */
#define SQLITE_PROTOCOL    15   /* Database lock protocol error */
#define SQLITE_EMPTY       16   /* Internal use only */
#define SQLITE_SCHEMA      17   /* The database schema changed */
#define SQLITE_TOOBIG      18   /* String or BLOB exceeds size limit */
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT  19   /* Abort due to constraint violation */
#define SQLITE_MISMATCH    20   /* Data type mismatch */
#define SQLITE_MISUSE      21   /* Library used incorrectly */
#define SQLITE_NOLFS       22   /* Uses OS features not supported on host */
#define SQLITE_AUTH        23   /* Authorization denied */
#define SQLITE_FORMAT      24   /* Not used */
#define SQLITE_RANGE       25   /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
#define SQLITE_NOTADB      26   /* File opened that is not a database file */
#define SQLITE_NOTICE      27   /* Notifications from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_WARNING     28   /* Warnings from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */
................................................................................
** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors. These [extended result codes] are enabled or disabled
** on a per database connection basis using the
** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.  Or, the extended code for
** the most recent error can be obtained using
** [sqlite3_extended_errcode()].
*/
#define SQLITE_ERROR_MISSING_COLLSEQ   (SQLITE_ERROR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_ERROR_RETRY             (SQLITE_ERROR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ              (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ        (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC             (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC         (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE          (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT             (SQLITE_IOERR | (7<<8))
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH       (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH          (SQLITE_IOERR | (26<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_VNODE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (27<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_AUTH              (SQLITE_IOERR | (28<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_BEGIN_ATOMIC      (SQLITE_IOERR | (29<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_COMMIT_ATOMIC     (SQLITE_IOERR | (30<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC   (SQLITE_IOERR | (31<<8))
#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_LOCKED_VTAB             (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_SEQUENCE        (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED        (SQLITE_READONLY | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTINIT       (SQLITE_READONLY | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_DIRECTORY      (SQLITE_READONLY | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** way around.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite().  The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
** file that were written at the application level might have changed
** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
** guaranteed to be unchanged.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
** flag indicates that a file cannot be deleted when open.  The
** SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE flag indicates that the file is on
** read-only media and cannot be changed even by processes with
** elevated privileges.
**
** The SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC property means that the underlying
** filesystem supports doing multiple write operations atomically when those
** write operations are bracketed by [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE] and
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE].
*/
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K               0x00000004
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K               0x00000008
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K               0x00000010
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K               0x00000020
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K              0x00000080
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K              0x00000100
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND            0x00000200
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL             0x00000400
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN  0x00000800
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    0x00001000
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE              0x00002000
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC           0x00004000

/*
** CAPI3REF: File Locking Levels
**
** SQLite uses one of these integer values as the second
** argument to calls it makes to the xLock() and xUnlock() methods
** of an [sqlite3_io_methods] object.
................................................................................
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC]
** </ul>
**
** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
** any size are atomic.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
** nnn are atomic.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
................................................................................
** anti-virus programs.  By default, the windows VFS will retry file read,
** file write, and file delete operations up to 10 times, with a delay
** of 25 milliseconds before the first retry and with the delay increasing
** by an additional 25 milliseconds with each subsequent retry.  This
** opcode allows these two values (10 retries and 25 milliseconds of delay)
** to be adjusted.  The values are changed for all database connections
** within the same process.  The argument is a pointer to an array of two
** integers where the first integer is the new retry count and the second
** integer is the delay.  If either integer is negative, then the setting
** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
** interrogated.  The zDbName parameter is ignored.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL] opcode is used to set or query the
................................................................................
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS] opcode is implemented by zipvfs only. All other
** VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU] opcode is implemented by the special VFS used by
** the RBU extension only.  All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for
** this opcode.  
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE]]
** If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE] opcode returns SQLITE_OK, then
** the file descriptor is placed in "batch write mode", which
** means all subsequent write operations will be deferred and done
** atomically at the next [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE].  Systems
** that do not support batch atomic writes will return SQLITE_NOTFOUND.
** ^Following a successful SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE and prior to
** the closing [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE] or
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE], SQLite will make
** no VFS interface calls on the same [sqlite3_file] file descriptor
** except for calls to the xWrite method and the xFileControl method
** with [SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT].
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE] opcode causes all write
** operations since the previous successful call to 
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE] to be performed atomically.
** This file control returns [SQLITE_OK] if and only if the writes were
** all performed successfully and have been committed to persistent storage.
** ^Regardless of whether or not it is successful, this file control takes
** the file descriptor out of batch write mode so that all subsequent
** write operations are independent.
** ^SQLite will never invoke SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE without
** a prior successful call to [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE].
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE] opcode causes all write
** operations since the previous successful call to 
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE] to be rolled back.
** ^This file control takes the file descriptor out of batch write mode
** so that all subsequent write operations are independent.
** ^SQLite will never invoke SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE without
** a prior successful call to [SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE].
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCK_TIMEOUT]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCK_TIMEOUT] opcode causes attempts to obtain
** a file lock using the xLock or xShmLock methods of the VFS to wait
** for up to M milliseconds before failing, where M is the single 
** unsigned integer parameter.
** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE       2
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE       3
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO              4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU                    26
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER            27
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER        28
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE       29
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PDB                    30
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BEGIN_ATOMIC_WRITE     31
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_ATOMIC_WRITE    32
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ROLLBACK_ATOMIC_WRITE  33
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCK_TIMEOUT           34

/* deprecated names */
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO


................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Object
**
** An instance of the sqlite3_vfs object defines the interface between
** the SQLite core and the underlying operating system.  The "vfs"
** in the name of the object stands for "virtual file system".  See
** the [VFS | VFS documentation] for further information.
**
** The VFS interface is sometimes extended by adding new methods onto
** the end.  Each time such an extension occurs, the iVersion field
** is incremented.  The iVersion value started out as 1 in
** SQLite [version 3.5.0] on [dateof:3.5.0], then increased to 2
** with SQLite [version 3.7.0] on [dateof:3.7.0], and then increased
** to 3 with SQLite [version 3.7.6] on [dateof:3.7.6].  Additional fields
** may be appended to the sqlite3_vfs object and the iVersion value
** may increase again in future versions of SQLite.
** Note that the structure
** of the sqlite3_vfs object changes in the transition from
** SQLite [version 3.5.9] to [version 3.6.0] on [dateof:3.6.0]
** and yet the iVersion field was not modified.

**
** The szOsFile field is the size of the subclassed [sqlite3_file]
** structure used by this VFS.  mxPathname is the maximum length of
** a pathname in this VFS.
**
** Registered sqlite3_vfs objects are kept on a linked list formed by
** the pNext pointer.  The [sqlite3_vfs_register()]
................................................................................
** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC option takes a single argument which
** is a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.
** The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.)^
** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
** tracks memory usage, for example. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC option takes single argument of
** type int, interpreted as a boolean, which if true provides a hint to
** SQLite that it should avoid large memory allocations if possible.
** SQLite will run faster if it is free to make large memory allocations,
** but some application might prefer to run slower in exchange for
** guarantees about memory fragmentation that are possible if large
** allocations are avoided.  This hint is normally off.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS option takes single argument of type int,
** interpreted as a boolean, which enables or disables the collection of
** memory allocation statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are
** disabled, the following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
**   <ul>
................................................................................
**   </ul>)^
** ^Memory allocation statistics are enabled by default unless SQLite is
** compiled with [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS]=0 in which case memory
** allocation statistics are disabled by default.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
** <dd> The SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH option is no longer used.


















** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE option specifies a memory pool
** that SQLite can use for the database page cache with the default page
** cache implementation.  
** This configuration option is a no-op if an application-define page
................................................................................
** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by the initial
** allocation, then SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] separately for each
** additional cache line. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option specifies a static memory buffer 
** that SQLite will use for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs
** beyond those provided for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].

** ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option is only available if SQLite is compiled
** with either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] and returns
** [SQLITE_ERROR] if invoked otherwise.
** ^There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP:
** An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
** the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.
** ^If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts
................................................................................
** Or if the threshold is -1, statement journals are always held
** exclusively in memory.
** Since many statement journals never become large, setting the spill
** threshold to a value such as 64KiB can greatly reduce the amount of
** I/O required to support statement rollback.
** The default value for this setting is controlled by the
** [SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL] compile-time option.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE
** <dd>The SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE option accepts a single parameter
** of type (int) - the new value of the sorter-reference size threshold.
** Usually, when SQLite uses an external sort to order records according
** to an ORDER BY clause, all fields required by the caller are present in the
** sorted records. However, if SQLite determines based on the declared type
** of a table column that its values are likely to be very large - larger
** than the configured sorter-reference size threshold - then a reference
** is stored in each sorted record and the required column values loaded
** from the database as records are returned in sorted order. The default
** value for this option is to never use this optimization. Specifying a 
** negative value for this option restores the default behaviour.
** This option is only available if SQLite is compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES] compile-time option.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC     5  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH       6  /* No longer used */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE     7  /* void*, int sz, int N */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP          8  /* void*, int nByte, int min */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS     9  /* boolean */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX        10  /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX     11  /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
/* previously SQLITE_CONFIG_CHUNKALLOC 12 which is now unused. */ 
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE    13  /* int int */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN 20  /* int */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG       21  /* xSqllog, void* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE    22  /* sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64 */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE      23  /* int nByte */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ        24  /* int *psz */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ               25  /* unsigned int szPma */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL      26  /* int nByte */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC        27  /* boolean */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE      28  /* int nByte */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
**
** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
**
................................................................................
** schema.  ^The sole argument is a pointer to a constant UTF8 string
** which will become the new schema name in place of "main".  ^SQLite
** does not make a copy of the new main schema name string, so the application
** must ensure that the argument passed into this DBCONFIG option is unchanged
** until after the database connection closes.
** </dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE</dt>
** <dd> Usually, when a database in wal mode is closed or detached from a 
** database handle, SQLite checks if this will mean that there are now no 
** connections at all to the database. If so, it performs a checkpoint 
** operation before closing the connection. This option may be used to
** override this behaviour. The first parameter passed to this operation
** is an integer - positive to disable checkpoints-on-close, or zero (the
** default) to enable them, and negative to leave the setting unchanged.
** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer
** into which is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether checkpoints-on-close
** have been disabled - 0 if they are not disabled, 1 if they are.
** </dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG</dt>
** <dd>^(The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG option activates or deactivates
** the [query planner stability guarantee] (QPSG).  When the QPSG is active,
** a single SQL query statement will always use the same algorithm regardless
** of values of [bound parameters].)^ The QPSG disables some query optimizations
** that look at the values of bound parameters, which can make some queries
** slower.  But the QPSG has the advantage of more predictable behavior.  With
** the QPSG active, SQLite will always use the same query plan in the field as
** was used during testing in the lab.
** The first argument to this setting is an integer which is 0 to disable 
** the QPSG, positive to enable QPSG, or negative to leave the setting
** unchanged. The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether the QPSG is disabled or enabled
** following this call.
** </dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP</dt>
** <dd> By default, the output of EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN commands does not 
** include output for any operations performed by trigger programs. This
** option is used to set or clear (the default) a flag that governs this
** behavior. The first parameter passed to this operation is an integer -
** positive to enable output for trigger programs, or zero to disable it,
** or negative to leave the setting unchanged.
** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which is written 
** 0 or 1 to indicate whether output-for-triggers has been disabled - 0 if 
** it is not disabled, 1 if it is.  
** </dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE</dt>
** <dd> Set the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE flag and then run
** [VACUUM] in order to reset a database back to an empty database
** with no schema and no content. The following process works even for
** a badly corrupted database file:
** <ol>
** <li> sqlite3_db_config(db, SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE, 1, 0);
** <li> [sqlite3_exec](db, "[VACUUM]", 0, 0, 0);
** <li> sqlite3_db_config(db, SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE, 0, 0);
** </ol>
** Because resetting a database is destructive and irreversible, the
** process requires the use of this obscure API and multiple steps to help
** ensure that it does not happen by accident.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME            1000 /* const char* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE             1001 /* void* int int */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY           1002 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER        1003 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER 1004 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION 1005 /* int int* */

#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE      1006 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG           1007 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP           1008 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE        1009 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAX                   1009 /* Largest DBCONFIG */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
................................................................................
** has a unique 64-bit signed
** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
** is another alias for the rowid.
**
** ^The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) interface usually returns the [rowid] of
** the most recent successful [INSERT] into a rowid table or [virtual table]

** on database connection D. ^Inserts into [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are not
** recorded. ^If no successful [INSERT]s into rowid tables have ever occurred 
** on the database connection D, then sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) returns 
** zero.
**
** As well as being set automatically as rows are inserted into database
** tables, the value returned by this function may be set explicitly by
** [sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid()]
**
** Some virtual table implementations may INSERT rows into rowid tables as
** part of committing a transaction (e.g. to flush data accumulated in memory
** to disk). In this case subsequent calls to this function return the rowid
** associated with these internal INSERT operations, which leads to 
** unintuitive results. Virtual table implementations that do write to rowid
** tables in this way can avoid this problem by restoring the original 
** rowid value using [sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid()] before returning 
** control to the user.
**
** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger then this routine will 
** return the [rowid] of the inserted row as long as the trigger is 


** running. Once the trigger program ends, the value returned 
** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger was fired.)^

**
** ^An [INSERT] that fails due to a constraint violation is not a
** successful [INSERT] and does not change the value returned by this
** routine.  ^Thus INSERT OR FAIL, INSERT OR IGNORE, INSERT OR ROLLBACK,
** and INSERT OR ABORT make no changes to the return value of this
** routine when their insertion fails.  ^(When INSERT OR REPLACE
** encounters a constraint violation, it does not fail.  The
................................................................................
** function is running and thus changes the last insert [rowid],
** then the value returned by [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] is
** unpredictable and might not equal either the old or the new
** last insert [rowid].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set the Last Insert Rowid value.
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** The sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid(D, R) method allows the application to
** set the value returned by calling sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) to R 
** without inserting a row into the database.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*,sqlite3_int64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This function returns the number of rows modified, inserted or
** deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE
** statement on the database connection specified by the only parameter.
................................................................................
** running statements reaches zero are interrupted as if they had been
** running prior to the sqlite3_interrupt() call.  ^New SQL statements
** that are started after the running statement count reaches zero are
** not effected by the sqlite3_interrupt().
** ^A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running
** SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements
** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns.



*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete
**
** These routines are useful during command-line input to determine if the
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions
**
** These routines are work-alikes of the "printf()" family of functions
** from the standard C library.
** These routines understand most of the common formatting options from
** the standard library printf() 
** plus some additional non-standard formats ([%q], [%Q], [%w], and [%z]).

** See the [built-in printf()] documentation for details.
**
** ^The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their
** results into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc64()].
** The strings returned by these two routines should be
** released by [sqlite3_free()].  ^Both routines return a
** NULL pointer if [sqlite3_malloc64()] is unable to allocate enough
** memory to hold the resulting string.
**
** ^(The sqlite3_snprintf() routine is similar to "snprintf()" from
** the standard C library.  The result is written into the
** buffer supplied as the second parameter whose size is given by
** the first parameter. Note that the order of the
** first two parameters is reversed from snprintf().)^  This is an
................................................................................
** guarantees that the buffer is always zero-terminated.  ^The first
** parameter "n" is the total size of the buffer, including space for
** the zero terminator.  So the longest string that can be completely
** written will be n-1 characters.
**
** ^The sqlite3_vsnprintf() routine is a varargs version of sqlite3_snprintf().
**
** See also:  [built-in printf()], [printf() SQL function]
































































*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int,char*,const char*, va_list);

/*
................................................................................
** method.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3
** KEYWORDS: {authorizer callback}
**
** ^This routine registers an authorizer callback with a particular
** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
** ^The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled
** by [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants [sqlite3_prepare_v2()],
** [sqlite3_prepare_v3()], [sqlite3_prepare16()], [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()],
** and [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()].  ^At various
** points during the compilation process, as logic is being created
** to perform various actions, the authorizer callback is invoked to
** see if those actions are allowed.  ^The authorizer callback should
** return [SQLITE_OK] to allow the action, [SQLITE_IGNORE] to disallow the
** specific action but allow the SQL statement to continue to be
** compiled, or [SQLITE_DENY] to cause the entire SQL statement to be
** rejected with an error.  ^If the authorizer callback returns
................................................................................
** authorizer will fail with an error message explaining that
** access is denied. 
**
** ^The first parameter to the authorizer callback is a copy of the third
** parameter to the sqlite3_set_authorizer() interface. ^The second parameter
** to the callback is an integer [SQLITE_COPY | action code] that specifies
** the particular action to be authorized. ^The third through sixth parameters
** to the callback are either NULL pointers or zero-terminated strings
** that contain additional details about the action to be authorized.
** Applications must always be prepared to encounter a NULL pointer in any
** of the third through the sixth parameters of the authorization callback.
**
** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_READ]
** and the callback returns [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the
** [prepared statement] statement is constructed to substitute
** a NULL value in place of the table column that would have
** been read if [SQLITE_OK] had been returned.  The [SQLITE_IGNORE]
** return can be used to deny an untrusted user access to individual
** columns of a table.
** ^When a table is referenced by a [SELECT] but no column values are
** extracted from that table (for example in a query like
** "SELECT count(*) FROM tab") then the [SQLITE_READ] authorizer callback
** is invoked once for that table with a column name that is an empty string.
** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_DELETE] and the callback returns
** [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the [DELETE] operation proceeds but the
** [truncate optimization] is disabled and all rows are deleted individually.
**
** An authorizer is used when [sqlite3_prepare | preparing]
** SQL statements from an untrusted source, to ensure that the SQL statements
** do not try to access data they are not allowed to see, or that they do not
................................................................................
   void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Trace Event Codes
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TRACE
**
** These constants identify classes of events that can be monitored
** using the [sqlite3_trace_v2()] tracing logic.  The M argument
** to [sqlite3_trace_v2(D,M,X,P)] is an OR-ed combination of one or more of
** the following constants.  ^The first argument to the trace callback
** is one of the following constants.
**
** New tracing constants may be added in future releases.
**
** ^A trace callback has four arguments: xCallback(T,C,P,X).
** ^The T argument is one of the integer type codes above.
................................................................................
** automatically deleted as soon as the database connection is closed.
**
** [[URI filenames in sqlite3_open()]] <h3>URI Filenames</h3>
**
** ^If [URI filename] interpretation is enabled, and the filename argument
** begins with "file:", then the filename is interpreted as a URI. ^URI
** filename interpretation is enabled if the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is
** set in the third argument to sqlite3_open_v2(), or if it has
** been enabled globally using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_URI] option with the
** [sqlite3_config()] method or by the [SQLITE_USE_URI] compile-time option.
** URI filename interpretation is turned off
** by default, but future releases of SQLite might enable URI filename
** interpretation by default.  See "[URI filenames]" for additional
** information.
**
** URI filenames are parsed according to RFC 3986. ^If the URI contains an
** authority, then it must be either an empty string or the string 
** "localhost". ^If the authority is not an empty string or "localhost", an 
................................................................................
** <dd>The maximum depth of the parse tree on any expression.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of instructions in a virtual machine program
** used to implement an SQL statement.  If [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or
** the equivalent tries to allocate space for more than this many opcodes
** in a single prepared statement, an SQLITE_NOMEM error is returned.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of arguments on a function.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of [ATTACH | attached databases].)^</dd>
**
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG              6
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED                  7
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH       8
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           9
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH            10
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS           11

/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepare Flags
**
** These constants define various flags that can be passed into
** "prepFlags" parameter of the [sqlite3_prepare_v3()] and
** [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()] interfaces.
**
** New flags may be added in future releases of SQLite.
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT</dt>
** <dd>The SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT flag is a hint to the query planner
** that the prepared statement will be retained for a long time and
** probably reused many times.)^ ^Without this flag, [sqlite3_prepare_v3()]
** and [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()] assume that the prepared statement will 
** be used just once or at most a few times and then destroyed using
** [sqlite3_finalize()] relatively soon. The current implementation acts
** on this hint by avoiding the use of [lookaside memory] so as not to
** deplete the limited store of lookaside memory. Future versions of
** SQLite may act on this hint differently.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT              0x01

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement
** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
** METHOD: sqlite3
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
**
** To execute an SQL statement, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
** program using one of these routines.  Or, in other words, these routines
** are constructors for the [prepared statement] object.
**
** The preferred routine to use is [sqlite3_prepare_v2()].  The
** [sqlite3_prepare()] interface is legacy and should be avoided.
** [sqlite3_prepare_v3()] has an extra "prepFlags" option that is used
** for special purposes.
**
** The use of the UTF-8 interfaces is preferred, as SQLite currently
** does all parsing using UTF-8.  The UTF-16 interfaces are provided
** as a convenience.  The UTF-16 interfaces work by converting the
** input text into UTF-8, then invoking the corresponding UTF-8 interface.
**
** The first argument, "db", is a [database connection] obtained from a
** prior successful call to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()] or
** [sqlite3_open16()].  The database connection must not have been closed.
**
** The second argument, "zSql", is the statement to be compiled, encoded
** as either UTF-8 or UTF-16.  The sqlite3_prepare(), sqlite3_prepare_v2(),
** and sqlite3_prepare_v3()
** interfaces use UTF-8, and sqlite3_prepare16(), sqlite3_prepare16_v2(),
** and sqlite3_prepare16_v3() use UTF-16.
**
** ^If the nByte argument is negative, then zSql is read up to the
** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is positive, then it is the
** number of bytes read from zSql.  ^If nByte is zero, then no prepared
** statement is generated.
** If the caller knows that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then
** there is a small performance advantage to passing an nByte parameter that
................................................................................
** The calling procedure is responsible for deleting the compiled
** SQL statement using [sqlite3_finalize()] after it has finished with it.
** ppStmt may not be NULL.
**
** ^On success, the sqlite3_prepare() family of routines return [SQLITE_OK];
** otherwise an [error code] is returned.
**
** The sqlite3_prepare_v2(), sqlite3_prepare_v3(), sqlite3_prepare16_v2(),
** and sqlite3_prepare16_v3() interfaces are recommended for all new programs.
** The older interfaces (sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare16())
** are retained for backwards compatibility, but their use is discouraged.
** ^In the "vX" interfaces, the prepared statement
** that is returned (the [sqlite3_stmt] object) contains a copy of the
** original SQL text. This causes the [sqlite3_step()] interface to
** behave differently in three ways:
**
** <ol>
** <li>
** ^If the database schema changes, instead of returning [SQLITE_SCHEMA] as it
................................................................................
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** </li>
** </ol>
**
** <p>^sqlite3_prepare_v3() differs from sqlite3_prepare_v2() only in having
** the extra prepFlags parameter, which is a bit array consisting of zero or
** more of the [SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT|SQLITE_PREPARE_*] flags.  ^The
** sqlite3_prepare_v2() interface works exactly the same as
** sqlite3_prepare_v3() with a zero prepFlags parameter.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare_v3(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  unsigned int prepFlags, /* Zero or more SQLITE_PREPARE_ flags */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16_v3(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  unsigned int prepFlags, /* Zero or more SQLITE_PREPARE_ flags */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieving Statement SQL
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_sql(P) interface returns a pointer to a copy of the UTF-8
** SQL text used to create [prepared statement] P if P was
** created by [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_prepare_v3()],
** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()], or [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()].
** ^The sqlite3_expanded_sql(P) interface returns a pointer to a UTF-8
** string containing the SQL text of prepared statement P with
** [bound parameters] expanded.
**
** ^(For example, if a prepared statement is created using the SQL
** text "SELECT $abc,:xyz" and if parameter $abc is bound to integer 2345
** and parameter :xyz is unbound, then sqlite3_sql() will return
................................................................................
** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the 
** database.  ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make 
** changes to the content of the database files on disk.
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly() interface returns true for [BEGIN] since
** [BEGIN] merely sets internal flags, but the [BEGIN|BEGIN IMMEDIATE] and
** [BEGIN|BEGIN EXCLUSIVE] commands do touch the database and so
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() returns false for those commands.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** still make the distinction between protected and unprotected
** sqlite3_value objects even when not strictly required.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value objects that are passed as parameters into the
** implementation of [application-defined SQL functions] are protected.
** ^The sqlite3_value object returned by
** [sqlite3_column_value()] is unprotected.
** Unprotected sqlite3_value objects may only be used as arguments
** to [sqlite3_result_value()], [sqlite3_bind_value()], and
** [sqlite3_value_dup()].
** The [sqlite3_value_blob | sqlite3_value_type()] family of
** interfaces require protected sqlite3_value objects.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_value sqlite3_value;

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Function Context Object
**
** The context in which an SQL function executes is stored in an
** sqlite3_context object.  ^A pointer to an sqlite3_context object
** is always first parameter to [application-defined SQL functions].
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() routine binds a BLOB of length N that
** is filled with zeroes.  ^A zeroblob uses a fixed amount of memory
** (just an integer to hold its size) while it is being processed.
** Zeroblobs are intended to serve as placeholders for BLOBs whose
** content is later written using
** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] routines.
** ^A negative value for the zeroblob results in a zero-length BLOB.
**
** ^The sqlite3_bind_pointer(S,I,P,T,D) routine causes the I-th parameter in
** [prepared statement] S to have an SQL value of NULL, but to also be
** associated with the pointer P of type T.  ^D is either a NULL pointer or
** a pointer to a destructor function for P. ^SQLite will invoke the
** destructor D with a single argument of P when it is finished using
** P.  The T parameter should be a static string, preferably a string
** literal. The sqlite3_bind_pointer() routine is part of the
** [pointer passing interface] added for SQLite 3.20.0.
**
** ^If any of the sqlite3_bind_*() routines are called with a NULL pointer
** for the [prepared statement] or with a prepared statement for which
** [sqlite3_step()] has been called more recently than [sqlite3_reset()],
** then the call will return [SQLITE_MISUSE].  If any sqlite3_bind_()
** routine is passed a [prepared statement] that has been finalized, the
** result is undefined and probably harmful.
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_pointer(sqlite3_stmt*, int, void*, const char*,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_uint64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** and are referred to as "nameless" or "anonymous parameters".
**
** ^The first host parameter has an index of 1, not 0.
**
** ^If the value N is out of range or if the N-th parameter is
** nameless, then NULL is returned.  ^The returned string is
** always in UTF-8 encoding even if the named parameter was
** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()],
** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()], or [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);

................................................................................
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name.  ^The
** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
** parameter to [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()].  ^A zero
** is returned if no matching parameter is found.  ^The parameter
** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or
** [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);

................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
** [prepared statement]. ^If this routine returns 0, that means the 
** [prepared statement] returns no data (for example an [UPDATE]).
** ^However, just because this routine returns a positive number does not
** mean that one or more rows of data will be returned.  ^A SELECT statement
** will always have a positive sqlite3_column_count() but depending on the
** WHERE clause constraints and the table content, it might return no rows.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_data_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set
................................................................................
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using any of
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_prepare_v3()], [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()],
** or [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()] or one of the legacy
** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or [sqlite3_prepare16()], this function
** must be called one or more times to evaluate the statement.
**
** The details of the behavior of the sqlite3_step() interface depend
** on whether the statement was prepared using the newer "vX" interfaces
** [sqlite3_prepare_v3()], [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()],
** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or the older legacy
** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()].  The use of the
** new "vX" interface is recommended for new applications but the legacy
** interface will continue to be supported.
**
** ^In the legacy interface, the return value will be either [SQLITE_BUSY],
** [SQLITE_DONE], [SQLITE_ROW], [SQLITE_ERROR], or [SQLITE_MISUSE].
** ^With the "v2" interface, any of the other [result codes] or
** [extended result codes] might be returned as well.
**
................................................................................
** <b>Goofy Interface Alert:</b> In the legacy interface, the sqlite3_step()
** API always returns a generic error code, [SQLITE_ERROR], following any
** error other than [SQLITE_BUSY] and [SQLITE_MISUSE].  You must call
** [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] in order to find one of the
** specific [error codes] that better describes the error.
** We admit that this is a goofy design.  The problem has been fixed
** with the "v2" interface.  If you prepare all of your SQL statements
** using [sqlite3_prepare_v3()] or [sqlite3_prepare_v2()]
** or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v3()] instead
** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
** by sqlite3_step().  The use of the "vX" interfaces is recommended.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
#endif
#define SQLITE3_TEXT     3

/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Values From A Query
** KEYWORDS: {column access functions}
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** <b>Summary:</b>
** <blockquote><table border=0 cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0>
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_blob</b><td>&rarr;<td>BLOB result
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_double</b><td>&rarr;<td>REAL result
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_int</b><td>&rarr;<td>32-bit INTEGER result
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_int64</b><td>&rarr;<td>64-bit INTEGER result
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_text</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-8 TEXT result
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_text16</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-16 TEXT result
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_value</b><td>&rarr;<td>The result as an 
** [sqlite3_value|unprotected sqlite3_value] object.
** <tr><td>&nbsp;<td>&nbsp;<td>&nbsp;
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_bytes</b><td>&rarr;<td>Size of a BLOB
** or a UTF-8 TEXT result in bytes
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_bytes16&nbsp;&nbsp;</b>
** <td>&rarr;&nbsp;&nbsp;<td>Size of UTF-16
** TEXT in bytes
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_column_type</b><td>&rarr;<td>Default
** datatype of the result
** </table></blockquote>
**
** <b>Details:</b>
**
** ^These routines return information about a single column of the current
** result row of a query.  ^In every case the first argument is a pointer
** to the [prepared statement] that is being evaluated (the [sqlite3_stmt*]
** that was returned from [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or one of its variants)
** and the second argument is the index of the column for which information
** should be returned. ^The leftmost column of the result set has the index 0.
................................................................................
** If any of these routines are called after [sqlite3_reset()] or
** [sqlite3_finalize()] or after [sqlite3_step()] has returned
** something other than [SQLITE_ROW], the results are undefined.
** If [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]
** are called from a different thread while any of these routines
** are pending, then the results are undefined.
**
** The first six interfaces (_blob, _double, _int, _int64, _text, and _text16)
** each return the value of a result column in a specific data format.  If
** the result column is not initially in the requested format (for example,
** if the query returns an integer but the sqlite3_column_text() interface
** is used to extract the value) then an automatic type conversion is performed.
**
** ^The sqlite3_column_type() routine returns the
** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype code] for the initial data type
** of the result column.  ^The returned value is one of [SQLITE_INTEGER],
** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL].
** The return value of sqlite3_column_type() can be used to decide which
** of the first six interface should be used to extract the column value.
** The value returned by sqlite3_column_type() is only meaningful if no
** automatic type conversions have occurred for the value in question.  
** After a type conversion, the result of calling sqlite3_column_type()
** is undefined, though harmless.  Future
** versions of SQLite may change the behavior of sqlite3_column_type()
** following a type conversion.
**
** If the result is a BLOB or a TEXT string, then the sqlite3_column_bytes()
** or sqlite3_column_bytes16() interfaces can be used to determine the size
** of that BLOB or string.
**
** ^If the result is a BLOB or UTF-8 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes()
** routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string.
** ^If the result is a UTF-16 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes() converts
** the string to UTF-8 and then returns the number of bytes.
** ^If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes() uses
** [sqlite3_snprintf()] to convert that value to a UTF-8 string and returns
................................................................................
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object.  In a multithreaded environment,
** an unprotected sqlite3_value object may only be used safely with
** [sqlite3_bind_value()] and [sqlite3_result_value()].
** If the [unprotected sqlite3_value] object returned by
** [sqlite3_column_value()] is used in any other way, including calls
** to routines like [sqlite3_value_int()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
** or [sqlite3_value_bytes()], the behavior is not threadsafe.
** Hence, the sqlite3_column_value() interface
** is normally only useful within the implementation of 
** [application-defined SQL functions] or [virtual tables], not within
** top-level application code.
**

** The these routines may attempt to convert the datatype of the result.
** ^For example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
** is requested, [sqlite3_snprintf()] is used internally to perform the
** conversion automatically.  ^(The following table details the conversions
** that are applied:
**
** <blockquote>
** <table border="1">
** <tr><th> Internal<br>Type <th> Requested<br>Type <th>  Conversion
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_column_text() or sqlite3_column_blob() with calls to
** sqlite3_column_bytes16(), and do not mix calls to sqlite3_column_text16()
** with calls to sqlite3_column_bytes().
**
** ^The pointers returned are valid until a type conversion occurs as
** described above, or until [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or
** [sqlite3_finalize()] is called.  ^The memory space used to hold strings
** and BLOBs is freed automatically.  Do not pass the pointers returned
** from [sqlite3_column_blob()], [sqlite3_column_text()], etc. into
** [sqlite3_free()].
**
** ^(If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any
** of these routines, a default value is returned.  The default value
** is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL
** pointer.  Subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] will return
** [SQLITE_NOMEM].)^
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);


SQLITE_API double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);

SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
** ^If the most recent evaluation of the statement encountered no errors
................................................................................
                      void*,sqlite3_int64);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** <b>Summary:</b>
** <blockquote><table border=0 cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0>
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_blob</b><td>&rarr;<td>BLOB value
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_double</b><td>&rarr;<td>REAL value
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_int</b><td>&rarr;<td>32-bit INTEGER value
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_int64</b><td>&rarr;<td>64-bit INTEGER value
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_pointer</b><td>&rarr;<td>Pointer value
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_text</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-8 TEXT value
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_text16</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-16 TEXT value in
** the native byteorder
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_text16be</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-16be TEXT value
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_text16le</b><td>&rarr;<td>UTF-16le TEXT value
** <tr><td>&nbsp;<td>&nbsp;<td>&nbsp;
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_bytes</b><td>&rarr;<td>Size of a BLOB
** or a UTF-8 TEXT in bytes
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_bytes16&nbsp;&nbsp;</b>
** <td>&rarr;&nbsp;&nbsp;<td>Size of UTF-16
** TEXT in bytes
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_type</b><td>&rarr;<td>Default
** datatype of the value
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_numeric_type&nbsp;&nbsp;</b>
** <td>&rarr;&nbsp;&nbsp;<td>Best numeric datatype of the value
** <tr><td><b>sqlite3_value_nochange&nbsp;&nbsp;</b>
** <td>&rarr;&nbsp;&nbsp;<td>True if the column is unchanged in an UPDATE
** against a virtual table.
** </table></blockquote>
**




** <b>Details:</b>
**
** These routines extract type, size, and content information from
** [protected sqlite3_value] objects.  Protected sqlite3_value objects


** are used to pass parameter information into implementation of
** [application-defined SQL functions] and [virtual tables].
**
** These routines work only with [protected sqlite3_value] objects.
** Any attempt to use these routines on an [unprotected sqlite3_value]
** is not threadsafe.
**
** ^These routines work just like the corresponding [column access functions]
** except that these routines take a single [protected sqlite3_value] object
** pointer instead of a [sqlite3_stmt*] pointer and an integer column number.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_text16() interface extracts a UTF-16 string
** in the native byte-order of the host machine.  ^The
** sqlite3_value_text16be() and sqlite3_value_text16le() interfaces
** extract UTF-16 strings as big-endian and little-endian respectively.
**
** ^If [sqlite3_value] object V was initialized 
** using [sqlite3_bind_pointer(S,I,P,X,D)] or [sqlite3_result_pointer(C,P,X,D)]
** and if X and Y are strings that compare equal according to strcmp(X,Y),
** then sqlite3_value_pointer(V,Y) will return the pointer P.  ^Otherwise,
** sqlite3_value_pointer(V,Y) returns a NULL. The sqlite3_bind_pointer() 
** routine is part of the [pointer passing interface] added for SQLite 3.20.0.
**
** ^(The sqlite3_value_type(V) interface returns the
** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype code] for the initial datatype of the
** [sqlite3_value] object V. The returned value is one of [SQLITE_INTEGER],
** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL].)^
** Other interfaces might change the datatype for an sqlite3_value object.
** For example, if the datatype is initially SQLITE_INTEGER and
** sqlite3_value_text(V) is called to extract a text value for that
** integer, then subsequent calls to sqlite3_value_type(V) might return
** SQLITE_TEXT.  Whether or not a persistent internal datatype conversion
** occurs is undefined and may change from one release of SQLite to the next.
**
** ^(The sqlite3_value_numeric_type() interface attempts to apply
** numeric affinity to the value.  This means that an attempt is
** made to convert the value to an integer or floating point.  If
** such a conversion is possible without loss of information (in other
** words, if the value is a string that looks like a number)
** then the conversion is performed.  Otherwise no conversion occurs.
** The [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype] after conversion is returned.)^
**
** ^Within the [xUpdate] method of a [virtual table], the
** sqlite3_value_nochange(X) interface returns true if and only if
** the column corresponding to X is unchanged by the UPDATE operation
** that the xUpdate method call was invoked to implement and if
** and the prior [xColumn] method call that was invoked to extracted
** the value for that column returned without setting a result (probably
** because it queried [sqlite3_vtab_nochange()] and found that the column
** was unchanging).  ^Within an [xUpdate] method, any value for which
** sqlite3_value_nochange(X) is true will in all other respects appear
** to be a NULL value.  If sqlite3_value_nochange(X) is invoked anywhere other
** than within an [xUpdate] method call for an UPDATE statement, then
** the return value is arbitrary and meaningless.
**
** Please pay particular attention to the fact that the pointer returned
** from [sqlite3_value_blob()], [sqlite3_value_text()], or
** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
** [sqlite3_value_bytes()], [sqlite3_value_bytes16()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread as
** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);


SQLITE_API double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_value_pointer(sqlite3_value*, const char*);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_nochange(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Finding The Subtype Of SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** The sqlite3_value_subtype(V) function returns the subtype for
** an [application-defined SQL function] argument V.  The subtype
** information can be used to pass a limited amount of context from
** one SQL function to another.  Use the [sqlite3_result_subtype()]
** routine to set the subtype for the return value of an SQL function.




*/
SQLITE_API unsigned int sqlite3_value_subtype(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Copy And Free SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
................................................................................
** of where this might be useful is in a regular-expression matching
** function. The compiled version of the regular expression can be stored as
** metadata associated with the pattern string.  
** Then as long as the pattern string remains the same,
** the compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
** invocations of the same function.
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) interface returns a pointer to the metadata
** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) function with the Nth argument
** value to the application-defined function.  ^N is zero for the left-most
** function argument.  ^If there is no metadata
** associated with the function argument, the sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) interface
** returns a NULL pointer.
**
** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) interface saves P as metadata for the N-th
** argument of the application-defined function.  ^Subsequent
** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) return P from the most recent
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) call if the metadata is still valid or
** NULL if the metadata has been discarded.
................................................................................
** should be called near the end of the function implementation and the
** function implementation should not make any use of P after
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() has been called.
**
** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
** function parameters that are compile-time constants, including literal
** values and [parameters] and expressions composed from the same.)^
**
** The value of the N parameter to these interfaces should be non-negative.
** Future enhancements may make use of negative N values to define new
** kinds of function caching behavior.
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
** the SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));

................................................................................
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to
** sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite
** assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not
** copy the content of the parameter nor call a destructor on the content
** when it has finished using that result.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** or sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_TRANSIENT
** then SQLite makes a copy of the result into space obtained
** from [sqlite3_malloc()] before it returns.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_value() interface sets the result of
** the application-defined function to be a copy of the
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object specified by the 2nd parameter.  ^The
** sqlite3_result_value() interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
** so that the [sqlite3_value] specified in the parameter may change or
** be deallocated after sqlite3_result_value() returns without harm.
** ^A [protected sqlite3_value] object may always be used where an
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object is required, so either
** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_pointer(C,P,T,D) interface sets the result to an
** SQL NULL value, just like [sqlite3_result_null(C)], except that it
** also associates the host-language pointer P or type T with that 
** NULL value such that the pointer can be retrieved within an
** [application-defined SQL function] using [sqlite3_value_pointer()].
** ^If the D parameter is not NULL, then it is a pointer to a destructor
** for the P parameter.  ^SQLite invokes D with P as its only argument
** when SQLite is finished with P.  The T parameter should be a static
** string and preferably a string literal. The sqlite3_result_pointer()
** routine is part of the [pointer passing interface] added for SQLite 3.20.0.
**
** If these routines are called from within the different thread
** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob64(sqlite3_context*,const void*,
                           sqlite3_uint64,void(*)(void*));
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text64(sqlite3_context*, const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                           void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_pointer(sqlite3_context*, void*,const char*,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_uint64 n);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Setting The Subtype Of An SQL Function
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
................................................................................
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [data_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXTERN char *sqlite3_data_directory;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Win32 Specific Interface
**
** These interfaces are available only on Windows.  The
** [sqlite3_win32_set_directory] interface is used to set the value associated
** with the [sqlite3_temp_directory] or [sqlite3_data_directory] variable, to
** zValue, depending on the value of the type parameter.  The zValue parameter
** should be NULL to cause the previous value to be freed via [sqlite3_free];
** a non-NULL value will be copied into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** prior to being used.  The [sqlite3_win32_set_directory] interface returns
** [SQLITE_OK] to indicate success, [SQLITE_ERROR] if the type is unsupported,
** or [SQLITE_NOMEM] if memory could not be allocated.  The value of the
** [sqlite3_data_directory] variable is intended to act as a replacement for
** the current directory on the sub-platforms of Win32 where that concept is
** not present, e.g. WinRT and UWP.  The [sqlite3_win32_set_directory8] and
** [sqlite3_win32_set_directory16] interfaces behave exactly the same as the
** sqlite3_win32_set_directory interface except the string parameter must be
** UTF-8 or UTF-16, respectively.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_win32_set_directory(
  unsigned long type, /* Identifier for directory being set or reset */
  void *zValue        /* New value for directory being set or reset */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_win32_set_directory8(unsigned long type, const char *zValue);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_win32_set_directory16(unsigned long type, const void *zValue);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Win32 Directory Types
**
** These macros are only available on Windows.  They define the allowed values
** for the type argument to the [sqlite3_win32_set_directory] interface.
*/
#define SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE  1
#define SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE  2

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test For Auto-Commit Mode
** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
................................................................................
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when conflicting rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
** release of SQLite.
**
** The update hook implementation must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the update hook.  Any actions
................................................................................
** interface returns SQLITE_OK and fills in the non-NULL pointers in
** the final five arguments with appropriate values if the specified
** column exists.  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata() interface returns
** SQLITE_ERROR and if the specified column does not exist.
** ^If the column-name parameter to sqlite3_table_column_metadata() is a
** NULL pointer, then this routine simply checks for the existence of the
** table and returns SQLITE_OK if the table exists and SQLITE_ERROR if it
** does not.  If the table name parameter T in a call to
** sqlite3_table_column_metadata(X,D,T,C,...) is NULL then the result is
** undefined behavior.
**
** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
** this function. ^(The second parameter is either the name of the database
** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
** table or NULL.)^ ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
** for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to
** resolve unqualified table references.
................................................................................
  int idxFlags;              /* Mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.10.0 and later */
  sqlite3_uint64 colUsed;    /* Input: Mask of columns used by statement */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Scan Flags
**
** Virtual table implementations are allowed to set the 
** [sqlite3_index_info].idxFlags field to some combination of
** these bits.
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE      1     /* Scan visits at most 1 row */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ         2
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT         4
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE         8
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT        16
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE        32
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH     64
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LIKE      65
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GLOB      66
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_REGEXP    67
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_NE        68
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOT     69
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOTNULL 70
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNULL    71
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_IS        72

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
** ^Module names must be registered before
................................................................................
**         being opened for read/write access)^.
** </ul>
**
** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE, this function sets the 
** [database connection] error code and message accessible via 
** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions. 
**
** A BLOB referenced by sqlite3_blob_open() may be read using the
** [sqlite3_blob_read()] interface and modified by using
** [sqlite3_blob_write()].  The [BLOB handle] can be moved to a
** different row of the same table using the [sqlite3_blob_reopen()]
** interface.  However, the column, table, or database of a [BLOB handle]
** cannot be changed after the [BLOB handle] is opened.
**
** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.)^
** ^Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
................................................................................
**
** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function may be used to create a 
** zero-filled blob to read or write using the incremental-blob interface.
**
** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_close()],
** [sqlite3_blob_reopen()], [sqlite3_blob_read()],
** [sqlite3_blob_bytes()], [sqlite3_blob_write()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
  sqlite3*,
  const char *zDb,
  const char *zTable,
  const char *zColumn,
  sqlite3_int64 iRow,
................................................................................
  sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Move a BLOB Handle to a New Row
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^This function is used to move an existing [BLOB handle] so that it points
** to a different row of the same database table. ^The new row is identified
** by the rowid value passed as the second argument. Only the row can be
** changed. ^The database, table and column on which the blob handle is open
** remain the same. Moving an existing [BLOB handle] to a new row is
** faster than closing the existing handle and opening a new one.
**
** ^(The new row must meet the same criteria as for [sqlite3_blob_open()] -
** it must exist and there must be either a blob or text value stored in
** the nominated column.)^ ^If the new row is not present in the table, or if
** it does not contain a blob or text value, or if another error occurs, an
** SQLite error code is returned and the blob handle is considered aborted.
................................................................................
** ^A NULL pointer can be used in place of "main" to refer to the
** main database file.
** ^The third and fourth parameters to this routine
** are passed directly through to the second and third parameters of
** the xFileControl method.  ^The return value of the xFileControl
** method becomes the return value of this routine.
**
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER] value for the op parameter causes
** a pointer to the underlying [sqlite3_file] object to be written into
** the space pointed to by the 4th parameter.  ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER]
** case is a short-circuit path which does not actually invoke the
** underlying sqlite3_io_methods.xFileControl method.
**
** ^If the second parameter (zDbName) does not match the name of any
** open database file, then SQLITE_ERROR is returned.  ^This error
** code is not remembered and will not be recalled by [sqlite3_errcode()]
** or [sqlite3_errmsg()].  The underlying xFileControl method might
** also return SQLITE_ERROR.  There is no way to distinguish between
** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
** xFileControl method.
**
** See also: [file control opcodes]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface
**
** ^The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL            9
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS     10
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE            11
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                  12
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ONCE_RESET_THRESHOLD    19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER                25
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PARSER_COVERAGE         26
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    26  /* Largest TESTCTRL */

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Keyword Checking
**
** These routines provide access to the set of SQL language keywords 
** recognized by SQLite.  Applications can uses these routines to determine
** whether or not a specific identifier needs to be escaped (for example,
** by enclosing in double-quotes) so as not to confuse the parser.
**
** The sqlite3_keyword_count() interface returns the number of distinct
** keywords understood by SQLite.
**
** The sqlite3_keyword_name(N,Z,L) interface finds the N-th keyword and
** makes *Z point to that keyword expressed as UTF8 and writes the number
** of bytes in the keyword into *L.  The string that *Z points to is not
** zero-terminated.  The sqlite3_keyword_name(N,Z,L) routine returns
** SQLITE_OK if N is within bounds and SQLITE_ERROR if not. If either Z
** or L are NULL or invalid pointers then calls to
** sqlite3_keyword_name(N,Z,L) result in undefined behavior.
**
** The sqlite3_keyword_check(Z,L) interface checks to see whether or not
** the L-byte UTF8 identifier that Z points to is a keyword, returning non-zero
** if it is and zero if not.
**
** The parser used by SQLite is forgiving.  It is often possible to use
** a keyword as an identifier as long as such use does not result in a
** parsing ambiguity.  For example, the statement
** "CREATE TABLE BEGIN(REPLACE,PRAGMA,END);" is accepted by SQLite, and
** creates a new table named "BEGIN" with three columns named
** "REPLACE", "PRAGMA", and "END".  Nevertheless, best practice is to avoid
** using keywords as identifiers.  Common techniques used to avoid keyword
** name collisions include:
** <ul>
** <li> Put all identifier names inside double-quotes.  This is the official
**      SQL way to escape identifier names.
** <li> Put identifier names inside &#91;...&#93;.  This is not standard SQL,
**      but it is what SQL Server does and so lots of programmers use this
**      technique.
** <li> Begin every identifier with the letter "Z" as no SQL keywords start
**      with "Z".
** <li> Include a digit somewhere in every identifier name.
** </ul>
**
** Note that the number of keywords understood by SQLite can depend on
** compile-time options.  For example, "VACUUM" is not a keyword if
** SQLite is compiled with the [-DSQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM] option.  Also,
** new keywords may be added to future releases of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_keyword_count(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_keyword_name(int,const char**,int*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_keyword_check(const char*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Dynamic String Object
** KEYWORDS: {dynamic string}
**
** An instance of the sqlite3_str object contains a dynamically-sized
** string under construction.
**
** The lifecycle of an sqlite3_str object is as follows:
** <ol>
** <li> ^The sqlite3_str object is created using [sqlite3_str_new()].
** <li> ^Text is appended to the sqlite3_str object using various
** methods, such as [sqlite3_str_appendf()].
** <li> ^The sqlite3_str object is destroyed and the string it created
** is returned using the [sqlite3_str_finish()] interface.
** </ol>
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_str sqlite3_str;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create A New Dynamic String Object
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_str
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_new(D)] interface allocates and initializes
** a new [sqlite3_str] object.  To avoid memory leaks, the object returned by
** [sqlite3_str_new()] must be freed by a subsequent call to 
** [sqlite3_str_finish(X)].
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_new(D)] interface always returns a pointer to a
** valid [sqlite3_str] object, though in the event of an out-of-memory
** error the returned object might be a special singleton that will
** silently reject new text, always return SQLITE_NOMEM from 
** [sqlite3_str_errcode()], always return 0 for 
** [sqlite3_str_length()], and always return NULL from
** [sqlite3_str_finish(X)].  It is always safe to use the value
** returned by [sqlite3_str_new(D)] as the sqlite3_str parameter
** to any of the other [sqlite3_str] methods.
**
** The D parameter to [sqlite3_str_new(D)] may be NULL.  If the
** D parameter in [sqlite3_str_new(D)] is not NULL, then the maximum
** length of the string contained in the [sqlite3_str] object will be
** the value set for [sqlite3_limit](D,[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]) instead
** of [SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_str *sqlite3_str_new(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Finalize A Dynamic String
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_str
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_finish(X)] interface destroys the sqlite3_str object X
** and returns a pointer to a memory buffer obtained from [sqlite3_malloc64()]
** that contains the constructed string.  The calling application should
** pass the returned value to [sqlite3_free()] to avoid a memory leak.
** ^The [sqlite3_str_finish(X)] interface may return a NULL pointer if any
** errors were encountered during construction of the string.  ^The
** [sqlite3_str_finish(X)] interface will also return a NULL pointer if the
** string in [sqlite3_str] object X is zero bytes long.
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_str_finish(sqlite3_str*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Add Content To A Dynamic String
** METHOD: sqlite3_str
**
** These interfaces add content to an sqlite3_str object previously obtained
** from [sqlite3_str_new()].
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_appendf(X,F,...)] and 
** [sqlite3_str_vappendf(X,F,V)] interfaces uses the [built-in printf]
** functionality of SQLite to append formatted text onto the end of 
** [sqlite3_str] object X.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_append(X,S,N)] method appends exactly N bytes from string S
** onto the end of the [sqlite3_str] object X.  N must be non-negative.
** S must contain at least N non-zero bytes of content.  To append a
** zero-terminated string in its entirety, use the [sqlite3_str_appendall()]
** method instead.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_appendall(X,S)] method appends the complete content of
** zero-terminated string S onto the end of [sqlite3_str] object X.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_appendchar(X,N,C)] method appends N copies of the
** single-byte character C onto the end of [sqlite3_str] object X.
** ^This method can be used, for example, to add whitespace indentation.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_reset(X)] method resets the string under construction
** inside [sqlite3_str] object X back to zero bytes in length.  
**
** These methods do not return a result code.  ^If an error occurs, that fact
** is recorded in the [sqlite3_str] object and can be recovered by a
** subsequent call to [sqlite3_str_errcode(X)].
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_str_appendf(sqlite3_str*, const char *zFormat, ...);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_str_vappendf(sqlite3_str*, const char *zFormat, va_list);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_str_append(sqlite3_str*, const char *zIn, int N);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_str_appendall(sqlite3_str*, const char *zIn);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_str_appendchar(sqlite3_str*, int N, char C);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_str_reset(sqlite3_str*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Status Of A Dynamic String
** METHOD: sqlite3_str
**
** These interfaces return the current status of an [sqlite3_str] object.
**
** ^If any prior errors have occurred while constructing the dynamic string
** in sqlite3_str X, then the [sqlite3_str_errcode(X)] method will return
** an appropriate error code.  ^The [sqlite3_str_errcode(X)] method returns
** [SQLITE_NOMEM] following any out-of-memory error, or
** [SQLITE_TOOBIG] if the size of the dynamic string exceeds
** [SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH], or [SQLITE_OK] if there have been no errors.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_length(X)] method returns the current length, in bytes,
** of the dynamic string under construction in [sqlite3_str] object X.
** ^The length returned by [sqlite3_str_length(X)] does not include the
** zero-termination byte.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_str_value(X)] method returns a pointer to the current
** content of the dynamic string under construction in X.  The value
** returned by [sqlite3_str_value(X)] is managed by the sqlite3_str object X
** and might be freed or altered by any subsequent method on the same
** [sqlite3_str] object.  Applications must not used the pointer returned
** [sqlite3_str_value(X)] after any subsequent method call on the same
** object.  ^Applications may change the content of the string returned
** by [sqlite3_str_value(X)] as long as they do not write into any bytes
** outside the range of 0 to [sqlite3_str_length(X)] and do not read or
** write any byte after any subsequent sqlite3_str method call.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_str_errcode(sqlite3_str*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_str_length(sqlite3_str*);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_str_value(sqlite3_str*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^These interfaces are used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
................................................................................
** that can be returned by [sqlite3_status()].
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter is the current amount of memory checked out
** using [sqlite3_malloc()], either directly or indirectly.  The
** figure includes calls made to [sqlite3_malloc()] by the application
** and internal memory usage by the SQLite library.  Auxiliary page-cache

** memory controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE] is not included in
** this parameter.  The amount returned is the sum of the allocation
** sizes as reported by the xSize method in [sqlite3_mem_methods].</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] (or their
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [pagecache memory allocator].  Only the value returned in the
** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.  
** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED]] <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED</dt>
** <dd>No longer used.</dd>





**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW</dt>








** <dd>No longer used.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE]] <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE</dt>




** <dd>No longer used.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK</dt>
** <dd>The *pHighwater parameter records the deepest parser stack. 
** The *pCurrent value is undefined.  The *pHighwater value is only
** meaningful if SQLite is compiled with [YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH].</dd>)^
** </dl>
**
** New status parameters may be added from time to time.
*/
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED          0
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED       1
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW   2
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED         3  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW     4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE          5
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK         6
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE       7
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE         8  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT         9

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Status
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information 
................................................................................
** wal file in wal mode databases, or the number of pages written to the
** database file in rollback mode databases. Any pages written as part of
** transaction rollback or database recovery operations are not included.
** If an IO or other error occurs while writing a page to disk, the effect
** on subsequent SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE requests is undefined.)^ ^The
** highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_SPILL]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_SPILL</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of dirty cache entries that have
** been written to disk in the middle of a transaction due to the page
** cache overflowing. Transactions are more efficient if they are written
** to disk all at once. When pages spill mid-transaction, that introduces
** additional overhead. This parameter can be used help identify
** inefficiencies that can be resolve by increasing the cache size.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns zero for the current value if and only if
** all foreign key constraints (deferred or immediate) have been
** resolved.)^  ^The highwater mark is always 0.
** </dd>
** </dl>
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE          9
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS        10
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED   11
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_SPILL         12
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                 12   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
................................................................................
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of virtual machine operations executed
** by the prepared statement if that number is less than or equal
** to 2147483647.  The number of virtual machine operations can be 
** used as a proxy for the total work done by the prepared statement.
** If the number of virtual machine operations exceeds 2147483647
** then the value returned by this statement status code is undefined.
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_REPREPARE]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_REPREPARE</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of times that the prepare statement has been
** automatically regenerated due to schema changes or change to 
** [bound parameters] that might affect the query plan.
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_RUN]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_RUN</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of times that the prepared statement has
** been run.  A single "run" for the purposes of this counter is one
** or more calls to [sqlite3_step()] followed by a call to [sqlite3_reset()].
** The counter is incremented on the first [sqlite3_step()] call of each
** cycle.
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_MEMUSED]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_MEMUSED</dt>
** <dd>^This is the approximate number of bytes of heap memory
** used to store the prepared statement.  ^This value is not actually
** a counter, and so the resetFlg parameter to sqlite3_stmt_status()
** is ignored when the opcode is SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_MEMUSED.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP           4
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_REPREPARE         5
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_RUN               6
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_MEMUSED           99

/*
** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
**
** The sqlite3_pcache type is opaque.  It is implemented by
** the pluggable module.  The SQLite core has no knowledge of
** its size or internal structure and never deals with the
................................................................................
** value returned is one of [SQLITE_ROLLBACK], [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_FAIL],
** [SQLITE_ABORT], or [SQLITE_REPLACE], according to the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
** [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If Virtual Table Column Access Is For UPDATE
**
** If the sqlite3_vtab_nochange(X) routine is called within the [xColumn]
** method of a [virtual table], then it returns true if and only if the
** column is being fetched as part of an UPDATE operation during which the
** column value will not change.  Applications might use this to substitute
** a return value that is less expensive to compute and that the corresponding
** [xUpdate] method understands as a "no-change" value.
**
** If the [xColumn] method calls sqlite3_vtab_nochange() and finds that
** the column is not changed by the UPDATE statement, then the xColumn
** method can optionally return without setting a result, without calling
** any of the [sqlite3_result_int|sqlite3_result_xxxxx() interfaces].
** In that case, [sqlite3_value_nochange(X)] will return true for the
** same column in the [xUpdate] method.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_nochange(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine The Collation For a Virtual Table Constraint
**
** This function may only be called from within a call to the [xBestIndex]
** method of a [virtual table]. 
**
** The first argument must be the sqlite3_index_info object that is the
** first parameter to the xBestIndex() method. The second argument must be
** an index into the aConstraint[] array belonging to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure passed to xBestIndex. This function returns a pointer to a buffer 
** containing the name of the collation sequence for the corresponding
** constraint.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL const char *sqlite3_vtab_collation(sqlite3_index_info*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
** KEYWORDS: {conflict resolution mode}
**
** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** is for the SQL statement being evaluated.
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: The pre-update hook.
**
** ^These interfaces are only available if SQLite is compiled using the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK] compile-time option.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] interface registers a callback function
** that is invoked prior to each [INSERT], [UPDATE], and [DELETE] operation
** on a database table.
** ^At most one preupdate hook may be registered at a time on a single
** [database connection]; each call to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] overrides
** the previous setting.
** ^The preupdate hook is disabled by invoking [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()]
** with a NULL pointer as the second parameter.
** ^The third parameter to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] is passed through as
** the first parameter to callbacks.
**
** ^The preupdate hook only fires for changes to real database tables; the
** preupdate hook is not invoked for changes to [virtual tables] or to
** system tables like sqlite_master or sqlite_stat1.
**
** ^The second parameter to the preupdate callback is a pointer to
** the [database connection] that registered the preupdate hook.
** ^The third parameter to the preupdate callback is one of the constants
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE], or [SQLITE_UPDATE] to identify the
** kind of update operation that is about to occur.
** ^(The fourth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
** database within the database connection that is being modified.  This
** will be "main" for the main database or "temp" for TEMP tables or 
** the name given after the AS keyword in the [ATTACH] statement for attached
** databases.)^
** ^The fifth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
** table that is being modified.
**
** For an UPDATE or DELETE operation on a [rowid table], the sixth
** parameter passed to the preupdate callback is the initial [rowid] of the 


** row being modified or deleted. For an INSERT operation on a rowid table,
** or any operation on a WITHOUT ROWID table, the value of the sixth 
** parameter is undefined. For an INSERT or UPDATE on a rowid table the
** seventh parameter is the final rowid value of the row being inserted
** or updated. The value of the seventh parameter passed to the callback
** function is not defined for operations on WITHOUT ROWID tables, or for
** INSERT operations on rowid tables.
**
** The [sqlite3_preupdate_old()], [sqlite3_preupdate_new()],
** [sqlite3_preupdate_count()], and [sqlite3_preupdate_depth()] interfaces
** provide additional information about a preupdate event. These routines
** may only be called from within a preupdate callback.  Invoking any of
** these routines from outside of a preupdate callback or with a
** [database connection] pointer that is different from the one supplied
................................................................................
** callback was invoked as a result of a direct insert, update, or delete
** operation; or 1 for inserts, updates, or deletes invoked by top-level 
** triggers; or 2 for changes resulting from triggers called by top-level
** triggers; and so forth.
**
** See also:  [sqlite3_update_hook()]
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK)
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_preupdate_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void(*xPreUpdate)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to preupdate_hook() */
    sqlite3 *db,                  /* Database handle */
    int op,                       /* SQLITE_UPDATE, DELETE or INSERT */
    char const *zDb,              /* Database name */
    char const *zName,            /* Table name */
    sqlite3_int64 iKey1,          /* Rowid of row about to be deleted/updated */
    sqlite3_int64 iKey2           /* New rowid value (for a rowid UPDATE) */
  ),
  void*
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_old(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_count(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_depth(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_new(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Low-level system error code
**
** ^Attempt to return the underlying operating system error code or error
** number that caused the most recent I/O error or failure to open a file.
** The return value is OS-dependent.  For example, on unix systems, after
................................................................................
** called to get back the underlying "errno" that caused the problem, such
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot} {sqlite3_snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
................................................................................
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot {
  unsigned char hidden[48];
} sqlite3_snapshot;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.
** If there is not already a read-transaction open on schema S when
** this function is called, one is opened automatically. 
**
** The following must be true for this function to succeed. If any of
** the following statements are false when sqlite3_snapshot_get() is
** called, SQLITE_ERROR is returned. The final value of *P is undefined
** in this case. 
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The database handle must be in [autocommit mode].
**
**   <li> Schema S of [database connection] D must be a [WAL mode] database.


**
**   <li> There must not be a write transaction open on schema S of database
**        connection D.
**
**   <li> One or more transactions must have been written to the current wal
**        file since it was created on disk (by any connection). This means
**        that a snapshot cannot be taken on a wal mode database with no wal 
**        file immediately after it is first opened. At least one transaction
**        must be written to it first.
** </ul>
**
** This function may also return SQLITE_NOMEM.  If it is called with the
** database handle in autocommit mode but fails for some other reason, 
** whether or not a read transaction is opened on schema S is undefined.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
................................................................................
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Recover snapshots from a wal file
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** If all connections disconnect from a database file but do not perform
** a checkpoint, the existing wal file is opened along with the database
** file the next time the database is opened. At this point it is only
** possible to successfully call sqlite3_snapshot_open() to open the most
** recent snapshot of the database (the one at the head of the wal file),
** even though the wal file may contain other valid snapshots for which
** clients have sqlite3_snapshot handles.
**
** This function attempts to scan the wal file associated with database zDb
** of database handle db and make all valid snapshots available to
** sqlite3_snapshot_open(). It is an error if there is already a read
** transaction open on the database, or if the database is not a wal mode
** database.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_recover(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Serialize a database
**
** The sqlite3_serialize(D,S,P,F) interface returns a pointer to memory
** that is a serialization of the S database on [database connection] D.
** If P is not a NULL pointer, then the size of the database in bytes
** is written into *P.
**
** For an ordinary on-disk database file, the serialization is just a
** copy of the disk file.  For an in-memory database or a "TEMP" database,
** the serialization is the same sequence of bytes which would be written
** to disk if that database where backed up to disk.
**
** The usual case is that sqlite3_serialize() copies the serialization of
** the database into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc64()] and returns
** a pointer to that memory.  The caller is responsible for freeing the
** returned value to avoid a memory leak.  However, if the F argument
** contains the SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY bit, then no memory allocations
** are made, and the sqlite3_serialize() function will return a pointer
** to the contiguous memory representation of the database that SQLite
** is currently using for that database, or NULL if the no such contiguous
** memory representation of the database exists.  A contiguous memory
** representation of the database will usually only exist if there has
** been a prior call to [sqlite3_deserialize(D,S,...)] with the same
** values of D and S.
** The size of the database is written into *P even if the 
** SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY bit is set but no contiguous copy
** of the database exists.
**
** A call to sqlite3_serialize(D,S,P,F) might return NULL even if the
** SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY bit is omitted from argument F if a memory
** allocation error occurs.
**
** This interface is only available if SQLite is compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_DESERIALIZE] option.
*/
SQLITE_API unsigned char *sqlite3_serialize(
  sqlite3 *db,           /* The database connection */
  const char *zSchema,   /* Which DB to serialize. ex: "main", "temp", ... */
  sqlite3_int64 *piSize, /* Write size of the DB here, if not NULL */
  unsigned int mFlags    /* Zero or more SQLITE_SERIALIZE_* flags */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags for sqlite3_serialize
**
** Zero or more of the following constants can be OR-ed together for
** the F argument to [sqlite3_serialize(D,S,P,F)].
**
** SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY means that [sqlite3_serialize()] will return
** a pointer to contiguous in-memory database that it is currently using,
** without making a copy of the database.  If SQLite is not currently using
** a contiguous in-memory database, then this option causes
** [sqlite3_serialize()] to return a NULL pointer.  SQLite will only be
** using a contiguous in-memory database if it has been initialized by a
** prior call to [sqlite3_deserialize()].
*/
#define SQLITE_SERIALIZE_NOCOPY 0x001   /* Do no memory allocations */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Deserialize a database
**
** The sqlite3_deserialize(D,S,P,N,M,F) interface causes the 
** [database connection] D to disconnect from database S and then
** reopen S as an in-memory database based on the serialization contained
** in P.  The serialized database P is N bytes in size.  M is the size of
** the buffer P, which might be larger than N.  If M is larger than N, and
** the SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_READONLY bit is not set in F, then SQLite is
** permitted to add content to the in-memory database as long as the total
** size does not exceed M bytes.
**
** If the SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE bit is set in F, then SQLite will
** invoke sqlite3_free() on the serialization buffer when the database
** connection closes.  If the SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_RESIZEABLE bit is set, then
** SQLite will try to increase the buffer size using sqlite3_realloc64()
** if writes on the database cause it to grow larger than M bytes.
**
** The sqlite3_deserialize() interface will fail with SQLITE_BUSY if the
** database is currently in a read transaction or is involved in a backup
** operation.
**
** If sqlite3_deserialize(D,S,P,N,M,F) fails for any reason and if the 
** SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE bit is set in argument F, then
** [sqlite3_free()] is invoked on argument P prior to returning.
**
** This interface is only available if SQLite is compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_DESERIALIZE] option.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_deserialize(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* The database connection */
  const char *zSchema,    /* Which DB to reopen with the deserialization */
  unsigned char *pData,   /* The serialized database content */
  sqlite3_int64 szDb,     /* Number bytes in the deserialization */
  sqlite3_int64 szBuf,    /* Total size of buffer pData[] */
  unsigned mFlags         /* Zero or more SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_* flags */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags for sqlite3_deserialize()
**
** The following are allowed values for 6th argument (the F argument) to
** the [sqlite3_deserialize(D,S,P,N,M,F)] interface.
**
** The SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE means that the database serialization
** in the P argument is held in memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc64()]
** and that SQLite should take ownership of this memory and automatically
** free it when it has finished using it.  Without this flag, the caller
** is resposible for freeing any dynamically allocated memory.
**
** The SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_RESIZEABLE flag means that SQLite is allowed to
** grow the size of the database using calls to [sqlite3_realloc64()].  This
** flag should only be used if SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE is also used.
** Without this flag, the deserialized database cannot increase in size beyond
** the number of bytes specified by the M parameter.
**
** The SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_READONLY flag means that the deserialized database
** should be treated as read-only.
*/
#define SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_FREEONCLOSE 1 /* Call sqlite3_free() on close */
#define SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_RESIZEABLE  2 /* Resize using sqlite3_realloc64() */
#define SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_READONLY    4 /* Database is read-only */

/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif
................................................................................
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif


/*
** CAPI3REF: Session Object Handle
**
** An instance of this object is a [session] that can be used to
** record changes to a database.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_session sqlite3_session;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Changeset Iterator Handle
**
** An instance of this object acts as a cursor for iterating
** over the elements of a [changeset] or [patchset].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_changeset_iter sqlite3_changeset_iter;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create A New Session Object
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_session
**
** Create a new session object attached to database handle db. If successful,
** a pointer to the new object is written to *ppSession and SQLITE_OK is
** returned. If an error occurs, *ppSession is set to NULL and an SQLite
** error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) is returned.
**
** It is possible to create multiple session objects attached to a single
................................................................................
** either of these things are undefined.
**
** The session object will be used to create changesets for tables in
** database zDb, where zDb is either "main", or "temp", or the name of an
** attached database. It is not an error if database zDb is not attached
** to the database when the session object is created.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_create(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of db (e.g. "main") */
  sqlite3_session **ppSession     /* OUT: New session object */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Delete A Session Object
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_session
**
** Delete a session object previously allocated using 
** [sqlite3session_create()]. Once a session object has been deleted, the
** results of attempting to use pSession with any other session module
** function are undefined.
**
** Session objects must be deleted before the database handle to which they
** are attached is closed. Refer to the documentation for 
** [sqlite3session_create()] for details.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3session_delete(sqlite3_session *pSession);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable A Session Object
** METHOD: sqlite3_session
**
** Enable or disable the recording of changes by a session object. When
** enabled, a session object records changes made to the database. When
** disabled - it does not. A newly created session object is enabled.
** Refer to the documentation for [sqlite3session_changeset()] for further
** details regarding how enabling and disabling a session object affects
** the eventual changesets.
................................................................................
** Passing zero to this function disables the session. Passing a value
** greater than zero enables it. Passing a value less than zero is a 
** no-op, and may be used to query the current state of the session.
**
** The return value indicates the final state of the session object: 0 if 
** the session is disabled, or 1 if it is enabled.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_enable(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bEnable);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set Or Clear the Indirect Change Flag
** METHOD: sqlite3_session
**
** Each change recorded by a session object is marked as either direct or
** indirect. A change is marked as indirect if either:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The session object "indirect" flag is set when the change is
**        made, or
................................................................................
** is set. Passing a value less than zero does not modify the current value
** of the indirect flag, and may be used to query the current state of the 
** indirect flag for the specified session object.
**
** The return value indicates the final state of the indirect flag: 0 if 
** it is clear, or 1 if it is set.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_indirect(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bIndirect);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Attach A Table To A Session Object
** METHOD: sqlite3_session
**
** If argument zTab is not NULL, then it is the name of a table to attach
** to the session object passed as the first argument. All subsequent changes 
** made to the table while the session object is enabled will be recorded. See 
** documentation for [sqlite3session_changeset()] for further details.
**
** Or, if argument zTab is NULL, then changes are recorded for all tables
................................................................................
** no changes will be recorded in either of these scenarios.
**
** Changes are not recorded for individual rows that have NULL values stored
** in one or more of their PRIMARY KEY columns.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if the call completes without error. Or, if an error 
** occurs, an SQLite error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) is returned.
**
** <h3>Special sqlite_stat1 Handling</h3>
**
** As of SQLite version 3.22.0, the "sqlite_stat1" table is an exception to 
** some of the rules above. In SQLite, the schema of sqlite_stat1 is:
**  <pre>
**  &nbsp;     CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl,idx,stat)  
**  </pre>
**
** Even though sqlite_stat1 does not have a PRIMARY KEY, changes are 
** recorded for it as if the PRIMARY KEY is (tbl,idx). Additionally, changes 
** are recorded for rows for which (idx IS NULL) is true. However, for such
** rows a zero-length blob (SQL value X'') is stored in the changeset or
** patchset instead of a NULL value. This allows such changesets to be
** manipulated by legacy implementations of sqlite3changeset_invert(),
** concat() and similar.
**
** The sqlite3changeset_apply() function automatically converts the 
** zero-length blob back to a NULL value when updating the sqlite_stat1
** table. However, if the application calls sqlite3changeset_new(),
** sqlite3changeset_old() or sqlite3changeset_conflict on a changeset 
** iterator directly (including on a changeset iterator passed to a
** conflict-handler callback) then the X'' value is returned. The application
** must translate X'' to NULL itself if required.
**
** Legacy (older than 3.22.0) versions of the sessions module cannot capture
** changes made to the sqlite_stat1 table. Legacy versions of the
** sqlite3changeset_apply() function silently ignore any modifications to the
** sqlite_stat1 table that are part of a changeset or patchset.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_attach(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  const char *zTab                /* Table name */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set a table filter on a Session Object.
** METHOD: sqlite3_session
**
** The second argument (xFilter) is the "filter callback". For changes to rows 
** in tables that are not attached to the Session object, the filter is called
** to determine whether changes to the table's rows should be tracked or not. 
** If xFilter returns 0, changes is not tracked. Note that once a table is 
** attached, xFilter will not be called again.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3session_table_filter(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to _filter_table() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xFilter */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Generate A Changeset From A Session Object
** METHOD: sqlite3_session
**
** Obtain a changeset containing changes to the tables attached to the 
** session object passed as the first argument. If successful, 
** set *ppChangeset to point to a buffer containing the changeset 
** and *pnChangeset to the size of the changeset in bytes before returning
** SQLITE_OK. If an error occurs, set both *ppChangeset and *pnChangeset to
** zero and return an SQLite error code.
................................................................................
** is inserted while a session object is enabled, then later deleted while 
** the same session object is disabled, no INSERT record will appear in the
** changeset, even though the delete took place while the session was disabled.
** Or, if one field of a row is updated while a session is disabled, and 
** another field of the same row is updated while the session is enabled, the
** resulting changeset will contain an UPDATE change that updates both fields.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_changeset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnChangeset,               /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
  void **ppChangeset              /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Load The Difference Between Tables Into A Session
** METHOD: sqlite3_session
**
** If it is not already attached to the session object passed as the first
** argument, this function attaches table zTbl in the same manner as the
** [sqlite3session_attach()] function. If zTbl does not exist, or if it
** does not have a primary key, this function is a no-op (but does not return
** an error).
**
................................................................................
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in 
**     the from-table, an INSERT record is added to the session object.
**
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in 
**     the from-table, a DELETE record is added to the session object.
**
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in both tables, but features 
**     different non-PK values in each, an UPDATE record is added to the
**     session.  
** </ul>
**
** To clarify, if this function is called and then a changeset constructed
** using [sqlite3session_changeset()], then after applying that changeset to 
** database zFrom the contents of the two compatible tables would be 
** identical.
**
................................................................................
**
** If the operation successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an SQLite
** error code. In this case, if argument pzErrMsg is not NULL, *pzErrMsg
** may be set to point to a buffer containing an English language error 
** message. It is the responsibility of the caller to free this buffer using
** sqlite3_free().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_diff(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  const char *zFromDb,
  const char *zTbl,
  char **pzErrMsg
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Generate A Patchset From A Session Object
** METHOD: sqlite3_session
**
** The differences between a patchset and a changeset are that:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> DELETE records consist of the primary key fields only. The 
**        original values of other fields are omitted.
**   <li> The original values of any modified fields are omitted from 
................................................................................
** in the same way as for changesets.
**
** Changes within a patchset are ordered in the same way as for changesets
** generated by the sqlite3session_changeset() function (i.e. all changes for
** a single table are grouped together, tables appear in the order in which
** they were attached to the session object).
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_patchset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnPatchset,                /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppPatchset */
  void **ppPatchset               /* OUT: Buffer containing patchset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test if a changeset has recorded any changes.
**
** Return non-zero if no changes to attached tables have been recorded by 
** the session object passed as the first argument. Otherwise, if one or 
................................................................................
** [sqlite3session_changeset()] on the session handle may still return a
** changeset that contains no changes. This can happen when a row in 
** an attached table is modified and then later on the original values 
** are restored. However, if this function returns non-zero, then it is
** guaranteed that a call to sqlite3session_changeset() will return a 
** changeset containing zero changes.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_isempty(sqlite3_session *pSession);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create An Iterator To Traverse A Changeset 
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_changeset_iter
**
** Create an iterator used to iterate through the contents of a changeset.
** If successful, *pp is set to point to the iterator handle and SQLITE_OK
** is returned. Otherwise, if an error occurs, *pp is set to zero and an
** SQLite error code is returned.
**
** The following functions can be used to advance and query a changeset 
................................................................................
** that apply to a single table are grouped together. This means that when 
** an application iterates through a changeset using an iterator created by 
** this function, all changes that relate to a single table are visited 
** consecutively. There is no chance that the iterator will visit a change 
** the applies to table X, then one for table Y, and then later on visit 
** another change for table X.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_start(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,    /* OUT: New changeset iterator handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset blob in bytes */
  void *pChangeset                /* Pointer to blob containing changeset */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Advance A Changeset Iterator
** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
**
** This function may only be used with iterators created by function
** [sqlite3changeset_start()]. If it is called on an iterator passed to
** a conflict-handler callback by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], SQLITE_MISUSE
** is returned and the call has no effect.
**
** Immediately after an iterator is created by sqlite3changeset_start(), it
................................................................................
** Otherwise, if all changes in the changeset have already been visited,
** SQLITE_DONE is returned.
**
** If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned. Possible error 
** codes include SQLITE_CORRUPT (if the changeset buffer is corrupt) or 
** SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_next(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain The Current Operation From A Changeset Iterator
** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
**
** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
** call to [sqlite3changeset_next()] must have returned [SQLITE_ROW]. If this
** is not the case, this function returns [SQLITE_MISUSE].
**
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE] or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the 
** type of change that the iterator currently points to.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an error does occur, an
** SQLite error code is returned. The values of the output variables may not
** be trusted in this case.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_op(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
  const char **pzTab,             /* OUT: Pointer to table name */
  int *pnCol,                     /* OUT: Number of columns in table */
  int *pOp,                       /* OUT: SQLITE_INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE */
  int *pbIndirect                 /* OUT: True for an 'indirect' change */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain The Primary Key Definition Of A Table
** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
**
** For each modified table, a changeset includes the following:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The number of columns in the table, and
**   <li> Which of those columns make up the tables PRIMARY KEY.
** </ul>
................................................................................
** in the table.
**
** If this function is called when the iterator does not point to a valid
** entry, SQLITE_MISUSE is returned and the output variables zeroed. Otherwise,
** SQLITE_OK is returned and the output variables populated as described
** above.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_pk(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
  unsigned char **pabPK,          /* OUT: Array of boolean - true for PK cols */
  int *pnCol                      /* OUT: Number of entries in output array */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain old.* Values From A Changeset Iterator
** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
**
** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
** call to [sqlite3changeset_next()] must have returned SQLITE_ROW. 
** Furthermore, it may only be called if the type of change that the iterator
** currently points to is either [SQLITE_DELETE] or [SQLITE_UPDATE]. Otherwise,
................................................................................
** original row values stored as part of the UPDATE or DELETE change and
** returns SQLITE_OK. The name of the function comes from the fact that this 
** is similar to the "old.*" columns available to update or delete triggers.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_old(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Old value (or NULL pointer) */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain new.* Values From A Changeset Iterator
** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
**
** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
** call to [sqlite3changeset_next()] must have returned SQLITE_ROW. 
** Furthermore, it may only be called if the type of change that the iterator
** currently points to is either [SQLITE_UPDATE] or [SQLITE_INSERT]. Otherwise,
................................................................................
** SQLITE_OK returned. The name of the function comes from the fact that 
** this is similar to the "new.*" columns available to update or delete 
** triggers.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_new(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: New value (or NULL pointer) */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Conflicting Row Values From A Changeset Iterator
** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
**
** This function should only be used with iterator objects passed to a
** conflict-handler callback by [sqlite3changeset_apply()] with either
** [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] or [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT]. If this function
** is called on any other iterator, [SQLITE_MISUSE] is returned and *ppValue
** is set to NULL.
**
................................................................................
** sqlite3_value object containing the iVal'th value from the 
** "conflicting row" associated with the current conflict-handler callback
** and returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_conflict(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Value from conflicting row */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine The Number Of Foreign Key Constraint Violations
** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
**
** This function may only be called with an iterator passed to an
** SQLITE_CHANGESET_FOREIGN_KEY conflict handler callback. In this case
** it sets the output variable to the total number of known foreign key
** violations in the destination database and returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** In all other cases this function returns SQLITE_MISUSE.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_fk_conflicts(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int *pnOut                      /* OUT: Number of FK violations */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Finalize A Changeset Iterator
** METHOD: sqlite3_changeset_iter
**
** This function is used to finalize an iterator allocated with
** [sqlite3changeset_start()].
**
** This function should only be called on iterators created using the
** [sqlite3changeset_start()] function. If an application calls this
** function with an iterator passed to a conflict-handler by
................................................................................
**
** If an error was encountered within a call to an sqlite3changeset_xxx()
** function (for example an [SQLITE_CORRUPT] in [sqlite3changeset_next()] or an 
** [SQLITE_NOMEM] in [sqlite3changeset_new()]) then an error code corresponding
** to that error is returned by this function. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK is
** returned. This is to allow the following pattern (pseudo-code):
**
** <pre>
**   sqlite3changeset_start();
**   while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3changeset_next() ){
**     // Do something with change.
**   }
**   rc = sqlite3changeset_finalize();
**   if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
**     // An error has occurred 
**   }
** </pre>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_finalize(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Invert A Changeset
**
** This function is used to "invert" a changeset object. Applying an inverted
** changeset to a database reverses the effects of applying the uninverted
** changeset. Specifically:
................................................................................
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually call sqlite3_free()
** on the *ppOut pointer to free the buffer allocation following a successful 
** call to this function.
**
** WARNING/TODO: This function currently assumes that the input is a valid
** changeset. If it is not, the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_invert(
  int nIn, const void *pIn,       /* Input changeset */
  int *pnOut, void **ppOut        /* OUT: Inverse of input */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Concatenate Two Changeset Objects
**
................................................................................
** single changeset. The result is a changeset equivalent to applying
** changeset A followed by changeset B. 
**
** This function combines the two input changesets using an 
** sqlite3_changegroup object. Calling it produces similar results as the
** following code fragment:
**
** <pre>
**   sqlite3_changegroup *pGrp;
**   rc = sqlite3_changegroup_new(&pGrp);
**   if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3changegroup_add(pGrp, nA, pA);
**   if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = sqlite3changegroup_add(pGrp, nB, pB);
**   if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
**     rc = sqlite3changegroup_output(pGrp, pnOut, ppOut);
**   }else{
**     *ppOut = 0;
**     *pnOut = 0;
**   }
** </pre>
**
** Refer to the sqlite3_changegroup documentation below for details.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_concat(
  int nA,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pA */
  void *pA,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset A */
  int nB,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pB */
  void *pB,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset B */
  int *pnOut,                     /* OUT: Number of bytes in output changeset */
  void **ppOut                    /* OUT: Buffer containing output changeset */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Changegroup Handle
**
** A changegroup is an object used to combine two or more 
** [changesets] or [patchsets]
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_changegroup sqlite3_changegroup;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create A New Changegroup Object
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_changegroup
**
** An sqlite3_changegroup object is used to combine two or more changesets
** (or patchsets) into a single changeset (or patchset). A single changegroup
** object may combine changesets or patchsets, but not both. The output is
** always in the same format as the input.
**
** If successful, this function returns SQLITE_OK and populates (*pp) with
................................................................................
** Any number of calls to add() and output() may be made between the calls to
** new() and delete(), and in any order.
**
** As well as the regular sqlite3changegroup_add() and 
** sqlite3changegroup_output() functions, also available are the streaming
** versions sqlite3changegroup_add_strm() and sqlite3changegroup_output_strm().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_new(sqlite3_changegroup **pp);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Add A Changeset To A Changegroup
** METHOD: sqlite3_changegroup
**
** Add all changes within the changeset (or patchset) in buffer pData (size
** nData bytes) to the changegroup. 
**
** If the buffer contains a patchset, then all prior calls to this function
** on the same changegroup object must also have specified patchsets. Or, if
** the buffer contains a changeset, so must have the earlier calls to this
................................................................................
** appears to be corrupt and the corruption is detected, SQLITE_CORRUPT is
** returned. Or, if an out-of-memory condition occurs during processing, this
** function returns SQLITE_NOMEM. In all cases, if an error occurs the
** final contents of the changegroup is undefined.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_add(sqlite3_changegroup*, int nData, void *pData);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain A Composite Changeset From A Changegroup
** METHOD: sqlite3_changegroup
**
** Obtain a buffer containing a changeset (or patchset) representing the
** current contents of the changegroup. If the inputs to the changegroup
** were themselves changesets, the output is a changeset. Or, if the
** inputs were patchsets, the output is also a patchset.
**
** As with the output of the sqlite3session_changeset() and
................................................................................
** If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned and the output
** variables (*pnData) and (*ppData) are set to 0. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK
** is returned and the output variables are set to the size of and a 
** pointer to the output buffer, respectively. In this case it is the
** responsibility of the caller to eventually free the buffer using a
** call to sqlite3_free().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_output(
  sqlite3_changegroup*,
  int *pnData,                    /* OUT: Size of output buffer in bytes */
  void **ppData                   /* OUT: Pointer to output buffer */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Delete A Changegroup Object
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_changegroup
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3changegroup_delete(sqlite3_changegroup*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Apply A Changeset To A Database
**
** Apply a changeset or patchset to a database. These functions attempt to
** update the "main" database attached to handle db with the changes found in
** the changeset passed via the second and third arguments. 
**
** The fourth argument (xFilter) passed to these functions is the "filter
** callback". If it is not NULL, then for each table affected by at least one
** change in the changeset, the filter callback is invoked with
** the table name as the second argument, and a copy of the context pointer
** passed as the sixth argument as the first. If the "filter callback"
** returns zero, then no attempt is made to apply any changes to the table.
** Otherwise, if the return value is non-zero or the xFilter argument to
** is NULL, all changes related to the table are attempted.

**
** For each table that is not excluded by the filter callback, this function 
** tests that the target database contains a compatible table. A table is 
** considered compatible if all of the following are true:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The table has the same name as the name recorded in the 
**        changeset, and
**   <li> The table has at least as many columns as recorded in the 
**        changeset, and
**   <li> The table has primary key columns in the same position as 
**        recorded in the changeset.
** </ul>
**
** If there is no compatible table, it is not an error, but none of the
** changes associated with the table are applied. A warning message is issued
................................................................................
** actions are taken by sqlite3changeset_apply() depending on the value
** returned by each invocation of the conflict-handler function. Refer to
** the documentation for the three 
** [SQLITE_CHANGESET_OMIT|available return values] for details.
**
** <dl>
** <dt>DELETE Changes<dd>
**   For each DELETE change, the function checks if the target database 
**   contains a row with the same primary key value (or values) as the 
**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values 
**   stored in all non-primary key columns also match the values stored in 
**   the changeset the row is deleted from the target database.
**
**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
**   the non-primary key fields contains a value different from the original
**   row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function is
**   invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument. If the
**   database table has more columns than are recorded in the changeset,
**   only the values of those non-primary key fields are compared against
**   the current database contents - any trailing database table columns
**   are ignored.
**
**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
**   passed as the second argument.
**
**   If the DELETE operation is attempted, but SQLite returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT
**   (which can only happen if a foreign key constraint is violated), the
................................................................................
**   conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT]
**   passed as the second argument. This includes the case where the DELETE
**   operation is attempted because an earlier call to the conflict handler
**   function returned [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
**
** <dt>INSERT Changes<dd>
**   For each INSERT change, an attempt is made to insert the new row into
**   the database. If the changeset row contains fewer fields than the
**   database table, the trailing fields are populated with their default
**   values.
**
**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because the database already 
**   contains a row with the same primary key values, the conflict handler
**   function is invoked with the second argument set to 
**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT].
**
**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because of some other constraint
................................................................................
**   violation (e.g. NOT NULL or UNIQUE), the conflict handler function is 
**   invoked with the second argument set to [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT].
**   This includes the case where the INSERT operation is re-attempted because 
**   an earlier call to the conflict handler function returned 
**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
**
** <dt>UPDATE Changes<dd>
**   For each UPDATE change, the function checks if the target database 
**   contains a row with the same primary key value (or values) as the 
**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values 
**   stored in all modified non-primary key columns also match the values
**   stored in the changeset the row is updated within the target database.
**
**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
**   the modified non-primary key fields contains a value different from an
**   original row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function
**   is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument. Since
**   UPDATE changes only contain values for non-primary key fields that are
**   to be modified, only those fields need to match the original values to
**   avoid the SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA conflict-handler callback.
**
**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
**   passed as the second argument.
................................................................................
** </dl>
**
** It is safe to execute SQL statements, including those that write to the
** table that the callback related to, from within the xConflict callback.
** This can be used to further customize the applications conflict
** resolution strategy.
**
** All changes made by these functions are enclosed in a savepoint transaction.
** If any other error (aside from a constraint failure when attempting to
** write to the target database) occurs, then the savepoint transaction is
** rolled back, restoring the target database to its original state, and an 
** SQLite error code returned.
**
** If the output parameters (ppRebase) and (pnRebase) are non-NULL and
** the input is a changeset (not a patchset), then sqlite3changeset_apply_v2()
** may set (*ppRebase) to point to a "rebase" that may be used with the 
** sqlite3_rebaser APIs buffer before returning. In this case (*pnRebase)
** is set to the size of the buffer in bytes. It is the responsibility of the
** caller to eventually free any such buffer using sqlite3_free(). The buffer
** is only allocated and populated if one or more conflicts were encountered
** while applying the patchset. See comments surrounding the sqlite3_rebaser
** APIs for further details.
**
** The behavior of sqlite3changeset_apply_v2() and its streaming equivalent
** may be modified by passing a combination of
** [SQLITE_CHANGESETAPPLY_NOSAVEPOINT | supported flags] as the 9th parameter.
**
** Note that the sqlite3changeset_apply_v2() API is still <b>experimental</b>
** and therefore subject to change.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset in bytes */
  void *pChangeset,               /* Changeset blob */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
................................................................................
  int(*xConflict)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xConflict */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset in bytes */
  void *pChangeset,               /* Changeset blob */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
  int(*xConflict)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
  ),
  void *pCtx,                     /* First argument passed to xConflict */
  void **ppRebase, int *pnRebase, /* OUT: Rebase data */
  int flags                       /* Combination of SESSION_APPLY_* flags */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags for sqlite3changeset_apply_v2
**
** The following flags may passed via the 9th parameter to
** [sqlite3changeset_apply_v2] and [sqlite3changeset_apply_v2_strm]:
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_CHANGESETAPPLY_NOSAVEPOINT <dd>
**   Usually, the sessions module encloses all operations performed by
**   a single call to apply_v2() or apply_v2_strm() in a [SAVEPOINT]. The
**   SAVEPOINT is committed if the changeset or patchset is successfully
**   applied, or rolled back if an error occurs. Specifying this flag
**   causes the sessions module to omit this savepoint. In this case, if the
**   caller has an open transaction or savepoint when apply_v2() is called, 
**   it may revert the partially applied changeset by rolling it back.
*/
#define SQLITE_CHANGESETAPPLY_NOSAVEPOINT   0x0001

/* 
** CAPI3REF: Constants Passed To The Conflict Handler
**
** Values that may be passed as the second argument to a conflict-handler.
**
** <dl>
................................................................................
**   and the call to sqlite3changeset_apply() returns SQLITE_ABORT.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_OMIT       0
#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE    1
#define SQLITE_CHANGESET_ABORT      2

/* 
** CAPI3REF: Rebasing changesets
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** Suppose there is a site hosting a database in state S0. And that
** modifications are made that move that database to state S1 and a
** changeset recorded (the "local" changeset). Then, a changeset based
** on S0 is received from another site (the "remote" changeset) and 
** applied to the database. The database is then in state 
** (S1+"remote"), where the exact state depends on any conflict
** resolution decisions (OMIT or REPLACE) made while applying "remote".
** Rebasing a changeset is to update it to take those conflict 
** resolution decisions into account, so that the same conflicts
** do not have to be resolved elsewhere in the network. 
**
** For example, if both the local and remote changesets contain an
** INSERT of the same key on "CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b)":
**
**   local:  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 'v1');
**   remote: INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 'v2');
**
** and the conflict resolution is REPLACE, then the INSERT change is
** removed from the local changeset (it was overridden). Or, if the
** conflict resolution was "OMIT", then the local changeset is modified
** to instead contain:
**
**           UPDATE t1 SET b = 'v2' WHERE a=1;
**
** Changes within the local changeset are rebased as follows:
**
** <dl>
** <dt>Local INSERT<dd>
**   This may only conflict with a remote INSERT. If the conflict 
**   resolution was OMIT, then add an UPDATE change to the rebased
**   changeset. Or, if the conflict resolution was REPLACE, add
**   nothing to the rebased changeset.
**
** <dt>Local DELETE<dd>
**   This may conflict with a remote UPDATE or DELETE. In both cases the
**   only possible resolution is OMIT. If the remote operation was a
**   DELETE, then add no change to the rebased changeset. If the remote
**   operation was an UPDATE, then the old.* fields of change are updated
**   to reflect the new.* values in the UPDATE.
**
** <dt>Local UPDATE<dd>
**   This may conflict with a remote UPDATE or DELETE. If it conflicts
**   with a DELETE, and the conflict resolution was OMIT, then the update
**   is changed into an INSERT. Any undefined values in the new.* record
**   from the update change are filled in using the old.* values from
**   the conflicting DELETE. Or, if the conflict resolution was REPLACE,
**   the UPDATE change is simply omitted from the rebased changeset.
**
**   If conflict is with a remote UPDATE and the resolution is OMIT, then
**   the old.* values are rebased using the new.* values in the remote
**   change. Or, if the resolution is REPLACE, then the change is copied
**   into the rebased changeset with updates to columns also updated by
**   the conflicting remote UPDATE removed. If this means no columns would 
**   be updated, the change is omitted.
** </dl>
**
** A local change may be rebased against multiple remote changes 
** simultaneously. If a single key is modified by multiple remote 
** changesets, they are combined as follows before the local changeset
** is rebased:
**
** <ul>
**    <li> If there has been one or more REPLACE resolutions on a
**         key, it is rebased according to a REPLACE.
**
**    <li> If there have been no REPLACE resolutions on a key, then
**         the local changeset is rebased according to the most recent
**         of the OMIT resolutions.
** </ul>
**
** Note that conflict resolutions from multiple remote changesets are 
** combined on a per-field basis, not per-row. This means that in the 
** case of multiple remote UPDATE operations, some fields of a single 
** local change may be rebased for REPLACE while others are rebased for 
** OMIT.
**
** In order to rebase a local changeset, the remote changeset must first
** be applied to the local database using sqlite3changeset_apply_v2() and
** the buffer of rebase information captured. Then:
**
** <ol>
**   <li> An sqlite3_rebaser object is created by calling 
**        sqlite3rebaser_create().
**   <li> The new object is configured with the rebase buffer obtained from
**        sqlite3changeset_apply_v2() by calling sqlite3rebaser_configure().
**        If the local changeset is to be rebased against multiple remote
**        changesets, then sqlite3rebaser_configure() should be called
**        multiple times, in the same order that the multiple
**        sqlite3changeset_apply_v2() calls were made.
**   <li> Each local changeset is rebased by calling sqlite3rebaser_rebase().
**   <li> The sqlite3_rebaser object is deleted by calling
**        sqlite3rebaser_delete().
** </ol>
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_rebaser sqlite3_rebaser;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create a changeset rebaser object.
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** Allocate a new changeset rebaser object. If successful, set (*ppNew) to
** point to the new object and return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, if an error
** occurs, return an SQLite error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) and set (*ppNew) 
** to NULL. 
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3rebaser_create(sqlite3_rebaser **ppNew);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Configure a changeset rebaser object.
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** Configure the changeset rebaser object to rebase changesets according
** to the conflict resolutions described by buffer pRebase (size nRebase
** bytes), which must have been obtained from a previous call to
** sqlite3changeset_apply_v2().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3rebaser_configure(
  sqlite3_rebaser*, 
  int nRebase, const void *pRebase
); 

/*
** CAPI3REF: Rebase a changeset
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** Argument pIn must point to a buffer containing a changeset nIn bytes
** in size. This function allocates and populates a buffer with a copy
** of the changeset rebased rebased according to the configuration of the
** rebaser object passed as the first argument. If successful, (*ppOut)
** is set to point to the new buffer containing the rebased changset and 
** (*pnOut) to its size in bytes and SQLITE_OK returned. It is the
** responsibility of the caller to eventually free the new buffer using
** sqlite3_free(). Otherwise, if an error occurs, (*ppOut) and (*pnOut)
** are set to zero and an SQLite error code returned.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3rebaser_rebase(
  sqlite3_rebaser*,
  int nIn, const void *pIn, 
  int *pnOut, void **ppOut 
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Delete a changeset rebaser object.
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** Delete the changeset rebaser object and all associated resources. There
** should be one call to this function for each successful invocation
** of sqlite3rebaser_create().
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3rebaser_delete(sqlite3_rebaser *p); 

/*
** CAPI3REF: Streaming Versions of API functions.
**
** The six streaming API xxx_strm() functions serve similar purposes to the 
** corresponding non-streaming API functions:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th>Streaming function<th>Non-streaming equivalent</th>
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_apply_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_apply] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_apply_strm_v2<td>[sqlite3changeset_apply_v2] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_concat_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_concat] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_invert_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_invert] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3changeset_start_strm<td>[sqlite3changeset_start] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_changeset_strm<td>[sqlite3session_changeset] 
**   <tr><td>sqlite3session_patchset_strm<td>[sqlite3session_patchset] 
** </table>
**
** Non-streaming functions that accept changesets (or patchsets) as input
** require that the entire changeset be stored in a single buffer in memory. 
** Similarly, those that return a changeset or patchset do so by returning 
** a pointer to a single large buffer allocated using sqlite3_malloc(). 
** Normally this is convenient. However, if an application running in a 
................................................................................
** is immediately abandoned and the streaming API function returns a copy
** of the xOutput error code to the application.
**
** The sessions module never invokes an xOutput callback with the third 
** parameter set to a value less than or equal to zero. Other than this,
** no guarantees are made as to the size of the chunks of data returned.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply_strm(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData), /* Input function */
  void *pIn,                                          /* First arg for xInput */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
................................................................................
  int(*xConflict)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xConflict */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply_v2_strm(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData), /* Input function */
  void *pIn,                                          /* First arg for xInput */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
  int(*xConflict)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
  ),
  void *pCtx,                     /* First argument passed to xConflict */
  void **ppRebase, int *pnRebase,
  int flags
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_concat_strm(
  int (*xInputA)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pInA,
  int (*xInputB)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pInB,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_invert_strm(
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pIn,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_start_strm(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pIn
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_changeset_strm(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_patchset_strm(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_add_strm(sqlite3_changegroup*, 
    int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
    void *pIn
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changegroup_output_strm(sqlite3_changegroup*,
    int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData), 
    void *pOut
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3rebaser_rebase_strm(
  sqlite3_rebaser *pRebaser,
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pIn,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);


/*
** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
*/
#ifdef __cplusplus